The most universally acclaimed saint of all times and the most celebrated in all the ‘aalamin (worlds), among jinn and men as well as among the arwaah (souls), the malaaika (angels), and the rijaal u’l ghayb (men of the unseen), the beloved of Allah Ta'ala who throughout history has been showered the titles of Muhyiddin (reviver of the faith), Qutb Rabbani (the spiritual axis established by the Lord), and Ghawth al A'zam (the greatest helper, the greatest saint), Sayyidi wa Imami Abu Muhammad ‘Abdul Qadir Jilani, Rady Allahu ‘Anhu was born in Ramadan 470 A.H/1077 C.E in Jilan, Persia. His father, Abu Salih, was a man of taqwa (piety) and a direct descendant of Sayyidina Imam Hasan ibn ‘Ali Rady Allahu ‘Anhu. His mother, Ummu’l Khayr Fatima was a saintly daughter of a saintly father Shaykh ‘Abdullah Sawma'i who was a direct descendant of Sayyidu’sh shuhadaa Imam Husayn ibn ‘Ali Rady Allahu ‘Anhu.
Thus Muhyiddin Shaykh ‘Abdul Qadir Jilani was both Hasani and Husayni, a descendant of the Holy Prophet Muhammad, Sallallahu ‘alayhi wa Sallam from his beloved daughter Sayyidatina Fatima az-Zahra, Rady Allahu ‘Anha. For this reason, the Sindhis for example, lovingly call him "putar mithe mahbub jo" (the blessed son of the sweet beloved Holy Prophet), Sallallahu ‘alayhi wa Sallam.
The genealogical roots of Shaykh ‘Abdul Qadir Jilani Rady Allahu ‘Anhu can be traced to Habib u’l A’zam Sayyidina Muhammad, Sallallahu ‘alayhi wa Sallam, as follows:
Gawth al A’zam Sayyidina Shaykh ‘Abdul Qadir Jilani, son of
As-Sayyid Abu Salih Musa, son of
As-Sayyid ‘Abdallah al-Jili, son of
As-Sayyid Yahya as-Zahid, son of
As-Sayyid Muhammad, son of
As-Sayyid Dawud, son of
As-Sayyid Musa, son of
As-Sayyid Abdallah, son of
As-Sayyid Musa al-Jawn, son of
As-Sayyid ‘Abdallah al-Mahd, son of
As-Sayyid al-Hasan al-Muthanna, son of
Sayyidina al-Imam al-Hasan, Rady Allahu ‘Anhu, son of
Imam u’l mashariqi wa’l magharib, Sayyidina ‘Ali ibn Abi Talib, Rady Allahu ‘Anhu,
and of Sayyidatina Fatima az-Zahra, Rady Allahu ‘Anha, the blessed daughter of
Khaatam an-Nabiyyin Habibi Rabbi’l ‘aalamin Sayyidina wa Mawlana Muhammad ibn ‘Abdillah, Nurin min Nurillah, Allahumma Salli wa Sallim wa Baarik ‘alayh.
(cited by Shaykh ‘Abdur Rahman ibn Shaykh ‘Umar ‘Ali al-Qadiri, in Al-Jawhar u’n Nafis, The Most Precious Pearls, p. 29).
What better way is there to end this section and indeed all the remaining sections than with this hymn which is full of blessings and mercy of Allah.
Yaa Hayyu Yaa Hayyu Yaa Qayyum
Yaa Hayyu Yaa Hayyu Yaa Qayyum
The Holy Prophet Muhammad Mustafa Sallallahu ‘alayhi wa Sallam is the last Prophet and there is no prophet after him. But people can still aspire to spiritual progress, acquire taqwa (piety) and saintliness and become awliya Allah (friends of Allah). And the highest spiritual state after the anbiya (prophets), belongs to the siddiqin (the truthful). That is why the Holy Prophet Muhammad taught us to make the supplication: Allahummaj 'alnaa min-as-siddiqin (O Allah make us among the truthful). Well, Shaykh ‘Abdul Qadir Jilani Rady Allahu ‘Anhu manifested to the world that he ranked among the siddiqin at the ripe age of 18. At that age, his thirst for knowledge and eagerness for the company of the awliya Allah (friends of Allah) took him to the city of Baghdad.
It is related that as he was about to leave home on this momentous journey, his widowed mother sewed forty gold coins inside his coat as part of his inheritance, and as parting advice told him to be forever truthful. The caravan with which he was travelling had gone as far as Hamadan when it was attacked by a gang of robbers. In the course of their loot, one of the robbers asked him whether he had anything with him and he truthfully replied that he had forty gold coins sewn in his coat. The robber obviously thought he was joking and narrated this incident to his chief who decided to see this young man. When his coat was torn open, sure enough there were forty gold coins. The gang leader was astounded. He asked Shaykh ‘Abdul Qadir Jilani as to why he revealed this when he could have kept it secret. Shaykh ‘Abdul Qadir Jilani told him that his mother had advised him not to lie and he was duty bound to obey his mother, Hearing this, the gang leader was overtaken with remorse, repented, accepted Shaykh ‘Abdul Qadir Jilani as his Shaykh and so did all his followers and they went on to acquire wilayah (sainthood) themselves. This is how Shaykh ‘Abdul Qadir Jilani came to be ranked among the Siddiqin. Allahummaj 'alnaa min-as-Siddiqin, Aameen Yaa Rabbal 'Aalamin.
This incident has been narrated in almost all the biographies of the Shaykh, among them being Qalaid al-Jawahir (Necklaces of Gems, p. 33), one of the earliest and major biographies, by Shaykh Muhammad ibn Yahya at-Tadifi, Rahmatullahi ‘alayh (passed away 963 A.H, 1556 C.E)
Sayyid ‘Abdur Rahim ibn Muhammad Isma’il Shirazi Rahmatullahi ‘alayh has captured the essence of this incident most beautifully in the following verse of his Urdu poem on the Ghawth al A'zam:
Choron pay tum nay kar kay tawajjoh
Abdal banaaya 'aali shaan
Yaa Ghawth al A'zam ajab tumhaaree shaan
Focusing your spiritual glance at the thieves
You turned them into great saints
O, the great helper, your stature is truly astounding
(Gulzare Tayyiba, The Pleasant Garden, vol. 3, p. 18)
Muslims follow Tariqa (spiritual path leading to Allah Ta’ala) based on Shari’a (sacred Muslim law).
In matters of Shari’a (sacred Muslim law), Mahbub Sub-hani Shaykh ‘Abdul Qadir Jilani Rady Allahu ‘Anhu was an authority in the Hanbali madhhab (school of sacred Muslim law) as well as the Shafi’i madhhab, and a chief exponent of the Ahl u’s-Sunnah wa’l Jama'ah (the people who follow the lifestyle of the Holy Prophet Muhammad and of his blessed Companions).
The way to draw nearer to Allah Ta'ala is through the fulfilment of obligatory religious duties, additional voluntary prayers day and night, through constant remembrance (zikr) of Allah, unceasing salawaat (invocations of blessings) on the Holy Prophet Muhammad Sallallahu ‘alayhi wa Sallam, Sunnah fasting, charity, zuhd (abstinence) and juhd (exertion in the way of Allah Ta'ala) as exemplified by the Holy Prophet Muhammad himself. This then is the tariqa (spiritual path leading to Allah Ta'ala) which is rooted in shari’a (sacred Muslim Law).
Shaykh ‘Abdul Qadir Jilani learned about the mysteries of tariqa and imbibed spiritual culture (tasawwuf) at the hands of Shaykh Hammad ibn Muslim al-Dabbas, Rahmatullahi ‘alayh. Traditionally, when someone is initiated into a tariqa, he is given a khirqa (sufi robe). Shaykh ‘Abdul Qadir Jilani was bestowed the khirqa by Shaykh Qadi Abi Sa’id al-Makhzumi, Rahmatullahi ‘alayh, (referred to as Al-Mukharrimi or Al-Makhrimi in some texts).
A Shaykh (spiritual master), musk-scented in shari’a, tariqa and haqiqi ma'rifa (knowledge of spiritual realities), is able to ascertain the spiritual level of a murid (spiritual seeker/disciple) and can assign additional awraad and azkaar (regular voluntary invocations) to be performed to attain spiritual progress. Shaykh ‘Abdul Qadir Jilani went on to become the epitome of such spiritual masters.
The tariqa followed by Shaykh ‘Abdul Qadir Jilani Rady Allahu ‘Anhu came to be called after him as the Qadiriyya tariqa and it came to be universally accepted as a divinely-guided path to spiritual progress through zikr (remembrance) of Allah to cleanse one's heart of all evil, to lead a virtuous life, to attain the love of the Holy Prophet Muhammad, Sallallahu ‘alayhi wa Sallam, the love of the Ahl u’l Bayt (the Prophet's blessed Household), the love of his Sahaba (Companions) and the love of the awliya Allah (friends of Allah); and to follow the shari’a (sacred Muslim law) according to the teachings of any one of the four Imams of madhhab, that is Imam Abu Hanifa, Imam Shafi’i, Imam Malik and Imam Ahmad ibn Hanbal, may Allah Ta'ala be pleased with them all.
Any tariqa has a silsila or spiritual chain linking the teachings of the Shaykh to the teachings of the Holy Prophet Muhammad, Sallallahu ‘alayhi wa Sallam. The spiritual roots of Shaykh ‘Abdul Qadir Jilani Rady Allahu ‘Anhu are traced back to the Holy Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him, as follows:
Imam u’l Anbiya, Sayyidina wa Mawlana Muhammad ibn ‘Abdillah,
Nurin min Nurillah,
(53 B.H-11 A.H; 571-632 C.E), the master of
Sayyiduna’l Imam ‘Ali ibn Abi Talib (23 B.H-40 A.H; 600-661 C.E), the father of
Sayyid-ush-shuhadaa Imam Husayn ibn ‘Ali (4-61 A.H), the father of
Sayyidina Imam Zayn u’l ‘Abidin ‘Ali ibn Husayn (38-94 A.H), the father of
Sayyidina Imam Muhammad al-Baqir ibn ‘Ali (59-114 A.H), the father of
Sayyidina Imam Ja’far as-Sadiq (83-148 A.H), the father of
Sayyidina Imam Musa al-Kazim (passed away 182 A.H), the father of
Sayyidina Imam ‘Ali ar-Rida (passed away 203 A.H), the master of
Sayyidina Shaykh Ma’ruf al-Karkhi (passed away 201 A.H/817 C.E), the master of
Sayyidina Shaykh as-Sari as-Saqati (passed away 251 A.H/866 C.E), the master of
Sayyidina Shaykh Abu’l Qasim, Junayd al-Baghdadi (passed away
298 A.H/910 C.E),
the master of
Sayyidina Shaykh Abu Bakr ibn Jahdar ash-Shibli (passed away 334
the master of
Sayyidina Shaykh ‘Abdul Wahid at-Tamimi, the master of
Sayyidina Shaykh Abu’l Faraj at-Tarsusi
(Abu’l Farah according to some narrations, instead of Abu’l Faraj), the master of
Sayyidina Shaykh Abu’l Hasan, al-Qurashi al-Hakaari, the master of
Sayyidina Shaykh Qadi Abu Sa’id al-Mubarak al-Makhzumi
(passed away 513 A.H),
the master of
Sayyidina Shaykh ‘Abdul Qadir Jilani (470-561 A.H; 1077-1166 C.E).
(Cited in al-Jawhar u’n Nafis, The Most Precious Pearls p. 34).
Imam Ahmad Raza Khan Rahmatullahi ‘alayh, (1272-1340 A.H, 1856-1921 C.E) has versified on these spiritual roots in “Shajara Qadiriyya” (“The Spiritual Tree of the Qadiriyya Spiritual Masters”), in Hadaaiqi Bakhshish (The Gardens of Gifts, p. 65-66).
It has been narrated in Qalaid al-Jawahir (Necklaces of Gems) by Shaykh Muhammad ibn Yahya at-Tadifi, Rahmatullahi ‘alayh that Shaykh ‘Abdul Qadir Jilani did not start preaching in Baghdad until he reached the age of 50. Before that, for many years, he was a wandering darwish in the wilderness of Iraq practicing zuhd (abstinence), totally immersed in the worship of Allah. Then the Holy Prophet Sayyidina Muhammad, peace be upon him, and Amir u’l Mu’minin Sayyidina ‘Ali, may Allah ennoble his face, came to him in a dream to bless him and to encourage him to start preaching in Baghdad. This then was the direct ijaza (permission) to him to preach from the Beloved Prophet himself who is the Madinat u’l ‘ilm (the City of Knowledge) as well as from Sayyidina ‘Ali who is Bab u’l ‘ilm (the Gate of Knowledge). With such an ijaza, was there anything that the beloved Piran-e-Pir (Shaykh of Shaykhs), Dastagir (the helping hand) could not accomplish?
His ‘aqida (tenets of belief) was that of the Ahl u’s-Sunnah wa’l Jama'ah, based on the Qur'an, and the Sunnah of the Holy Prophet Muhammad Sallallahu ‘alayhi wa Sallam. All the sufi saints and mashaayikh (spiritual masters) through centuries have expounded on and lived by this ‘aqida, foremost among them being Imam ul A’zam Imam Abu Hanifa (80-150 A.H), Imam Abu’l Hasan al-Ash’ari (260-324 A.H, 874-935 C.E), and Imam Abu Mansur al-Maturidi (passed away 332 A.H, 944 C.E), Rahmatullahi ‘alayhim ajma’in. Shaykh ‘Abdul Qadir Jilani Rady Allahu ‘Anhu has explained it in Al-Ghunya Li Talibi Tariqi’l Haqq (Sufficient Provision for Seekers of the Path of Truth).
The foundation of this aqida is the belief that Allah Ta’ala is the only One worthy of worship and that Prophet Muhammad is His Divinely Ordained Final Prophetic Messenger (Rasul). Its nurturing is with Asma u’l Husna and mahabba (love) of the Holy Prophet Muhammad, his Pure Household and Blessed Companions. Its manifestation is the spontaneous pride felt in the achievements of the Khulafa ar-Rashidun, that is, Sayyidina Abu Bakr as-Siddiq, Sayyidina ‘Umar al-Faruq, Sayyidina ‘Uthman Dhun-Nurayn, and Sayyidina ‘Ali al-Murtada, Rady Allahu ‘Anhum. Its daily life is governed by shari’a (sacred Muslim law). Its spread is through nasiha (good advice), zikr of Allah Ta'ala and salawaat and salaam on the Holy Prophet Muhammad, Sallallahu ‘alayhi wa Sallam. Its peak is jihad (battle to eliminate oppression of Muslims by non-Muslims and to establish Islamic justice), and its ultimate is fana Fillah (annihilation of oneself for the sake of, and in the love of Allah Ta'ala), after which Allah Ta'ala showers you with Baqa Billah (spiritual life everlasting) in His Rida (Pleasure).
So you begin with rida’l waalidayn (living in the pleasure of your parents) and end with Ridallah (living to please Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala). And the Sahaba (Companions) of the Holy Prophet Muhammad are referred to as Rady Allahu ‘Anhum wa Radu ‘Anhu (Allah is well pleased with them and they are pleased with Him as their Lord). And according to Shaykh ‘Abdul Qadir Jilani, his own position is equal to the dust under the feet of the Sahaba. If that is the case, then what is the stature of the blessed Sahaba of the Holy Prophet Muhammad, Sallallahu ‘alayhi wa Sallam? Their spiritual stature derives from the fact that they were blessed with the opportunity of beholding the Holy Prophet Muhammad with the eyes of iman (faith). That being the case, how can anyone be capable enough to explain in full the sifat (attributes) of Muhammad ‘Arabi, Rasuli Rabbi’l ‘Aalameen, Rahmatullil ‘Aalamin. Only Allah Ta’ala is aware of what He bestowed on His beloved Prophet Muhammad, Allahumma salli wa sallim ‘alayh.
Shaykh ‘Abdul Qadir Jilani Rady Allahu ‘Anhu taught Muslims and preached to non-Muslims in Baghdad. His nasiha (advices) and mawa’iza (sermons, discourses) were written down by scribes as he delivered them and they have been compiled and handed down through centuries as classics of Muslim spirituality. One of the beauties of his discourses is that you feel he is addressing you directly.
His major spiritual works, that is, the kutub (books) he wrote, as well as collections of his discourses are:
This kitab (book) is a comprehensive explanation of Arkan al-Iman (Pillars of Faith), Arkan al-Islam (Pillars of Islam), and Ihsan (Spiritual Excellence). It is a kitab (book) on Hanbali fiqh (jurisprudence) with special emphasis on salah (obligatory five times daily prayer). It is indispensable for those who want to do tabligh (propagate Islam) as it deals with amr bi’l ma’ruf wa nahi anil munkar (enjoining good and forbidding evil).
This a collection of 72 discourses, the main message of which is to raise yourself up to such spiritual heights as to devote your whole life in worshipful service of Allah, purely to earn His Rida (Pleasure) and His Qurb (Nearness) without hoping for any other reward in the Hereafter. In these discourses, he admonishes the munafiqin (hypocrites) who forget their religion and who cringe before kings and princes for worldly gain.
This kitab (book) explains matters related to shari’a (sacred law), tariqa (spiritual path), haqiqi ma’rifa (knowledge of spiritual realities) and tasawwuf (spiritual culture).
These were written in Persian and translated into Arabic by ‘Ali ibn Husam ud-Din al-Muttaqi, Rahmatullahi ‘alayh (passed away 977 A.H/1569 C.E).
Besides the Qur'an Karim and Hadith Sharif, these can be considered to be required minimum reading for someone who aspires to be an ‘aalim (scholar).
To catch a glimpse of his nasiha (advice), perhaps the best place to begin is to see how he advises his own son Shaykh ‘Abdur Razzaq, Rahmatullahi ‘alayh. He advised him to acquire eight character traits that are basic to tasawwuf (spiritual culture). These are:
(cited by Al-Hajj Isma’il ibn as-Sayyid Muhammad Sa’id al-Qadiri, in al-Fuyudaat ur Rabbaniyya, Emanations of Lordly Grace, p. 40).
His mawa’iza (exhortations, discourses) deal with various subjects. For example, the first few discourses in Futuh al-Ghaib (Revelations of the Unseen) are on “The essential tasks of every believer”, “Sharing good advice”, “Being tried and tested”, “Spiritual death”, “The nature of this world, detachment from which is strongly advised”, “Passing beyond the creation”, “Removing the cares of the heart”, “Drawing near to Allah”, “Disclosure and contemplation”, “The self and its states”, and “Controlling carnal desire”.
The theme of each discourse is supported with verses of the Holy Qur’an and Hadith Sharif. For example, in the First Discourse of Al-Fath ur Rabbani (The Endowment of Divine Grace), he quotes the following verse of the Holy Qur’an:
Surely, Allah is with those who are patient. (2:153)
And in the Sixth Discourse of Futuh al-Ghaib (Revelations of the Unseen, p. 17-18), he quotes this Hadith Qudsi which is dear to the heart of every Muslim (translation is by Shaykh Muhtar Holland).
In a sacred tradition (hadith qudsi) the blessed Prophet related that Allah (Exalted is He) says, “My servant constantly approaches Me through supererogatory acts of worship until I love him, and when I love him, I become his eyes with which he sees, his hands with which he holds, and his legs with which he walks.” In another version, the wording is: “So through Me he hears, through Me he sees, and through Me he understands.”
This Hadith Qudsi has been narrated by Hadrat Abu Hurayra, Rady Allahu ‘Anhu and reported by Imam Bukhari, Rahmatullahi ‘alayh (194-256 A.H, 810-870 C.E).
The essence of his teaching is to achieve qurb Ilallah (nearness to Allah) in the sense of achieving His love, as He is our Khaliq (Creator) and the Musabbib ul Asbab (the Original Cause of all the causes). The description of someone who has attained nearness to Allah is succinctly summarised in Futuh al-Ghaib (Revelations of the Unseen, p. 12, translation is by Shaykh Muhtar Holland).
“Gone forth from his own self out into his Master’s work, he now sees nothing but that Master and His work, and neither hears nor comprehends from any other source. If he perceives at all, if he does hear and learn, His speech is what he listens to, and His knowledge is what he comes to know. His favour he enjoys, through His nearness he prospers, through His proximity he is graced and honoured, by His promise he is pleased and reassured. With Him he feels at peace, and in His discourse he takes delight, while from all others he recoils and shrinks away. In remembrance of Him he finds refuge and support. In Him, the Almighty and Glorious, he puts his faith and in Him he places his trust. By the light of His awareness he is guided as he wraps and clothes himself therein. Strange marvels of His science he discovers, and of the secrets of His power he is apprised. To Him he listens and from Him he learns, then for all this he offers praise, gives thanks, and turns to prayer.”
The next step to take is perhaps to open another of the compilations of his mawa’iza (discourses). This is a suggested interpretation of the opening of his first discourse in Al-Fath ur Rabbani (The Endowment of Divine Grace).
In the Name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful.
O Allah! O You Who know my inability to praise You,
I ask of You – for the sake of the most perfect of all those who praise You,
(that is, Sayyidina Muhammad),
to whom You unveiled the realities of Your Names and Your Attributes,
and the subtleties of the emanations of Your Essence,
so that he came to know You in a manner befitting Your Perfection,
and whom You thereupon inspired with Your praises
as You inspired none other than him,
as You will inspire him many times more
on the Day when his uniqueness will be manifested,
(that is, on the Day of Judgement),
when his glorious character will be manifested in all its glory,
(I ask of You, O Allah!)
to bestow upon him,
who is more precious than any other being,
such blessings and salutations that befit Your most Sanctified Perfection,
and let the noble blessings and peace You confer upon him,
encompass the whole of his physical being as well as his essence,
as well as everything that pertains to him
in the world of creation and in the world of the Divine Command,
so that, O our Lord, You leave out none of
Your Prophets, Your Messengers, Your Angels and Your righteous servants,
but include them all
within the compass of Your Tremendous Grace.
Sallu ‘ala’r Rasul
Allahumma Salli wa Sallim ‘alayh.
We find that Shaykh ‘Abdul Qadir Jilani Rady Allahu ‘Anhu begins his discourse with an exalted, inspiring and comprehensive salaat (invocation of blessings on Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him) in which he manifests his deep love for him. In one breath he tells us that Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him, praised Allah as no one else did, that he knew Allah as no one else did and that he was inspired by Allah as no one else was. He reminds us that the grandeur of Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him, has already been manifested in this world and is yet to be revealed in all its glory on the Day of Judgement.
The salaat begins with the Name of Allah and uses the wasila (means) of Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him. In the same breath, it breathes in the Asma and Sifat of Allah, the Most Beautiful Names and Attributes of Allah, Wahdahu laa sharika lahu. The salaat is on the reality and essence of Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him, as well as everything that pertains to him or is connected with him in the world of creation and in the world of Allah’s Commad. And all the Prophets, as well as the Messengers of Allah, the angels and the pious people are connected with him. So the salaat is on all of them as well. In one sweep, both the reality and the essence of Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him, have been linked to the two worlds of Allah’s creation and Allah’s Command. When you have completed reciting this salaat, you know for sure that you are in the presence of a shaykh, a man of Allah, and you want to establish ta’alluq (connection) with him, as you know that following his teaching and obtaining his baraka (blessings), coming as they do from the pure fount of his blessed ancestor, will lead you to salvation. Aameen.
As we read his masterpieces, we are struck by the fact that his style of expression is different from that of any other shaykh, ‘aalim or wali. He is so much saturated with the spiritual power of Tawhid (monotheism) that his exposition and its flow has a spiritually confident personality all its own so that anyone who reads his nasiha spontaneously admits that he is the Qutb-al-aqtaab (the centre of all spiritual pillars), the Shaykh-ul-Mashaayikh (the spiritual master of all spiritual masters), the Gawth al A'zam (the greatest helper) and much more.... a Shaykh who epitomised mujaddidiyyah (faith revival) and wilayah (sainthood), QaddasAllahu sirrahu’l ‘aziz (may Allah sanctify his sublime innermost being)
Shaykh ‘Abdul Qadir Jilani Rday Allahu ‘Anhu has composed so many salawaat on the beloved holy Prophet Muhammad Mustafa Sallallahu ‘alayhi wa Sallam that their compilation would fill a volume. His three most well-known salawaat are:
Muslims love these salawaat so much that they make them their wazifa (regular voluntary devotion). For this reason, spiritual masters as well as spiritual seekers include them in their books of salawaat. Two such great Muslim luminaries who have included As-Salaat u’l Gawthiyya in their compilations of salawaat are Imam Muhammad ibn Sulayman al-Jazuli (passed away 870 A.H/1465 C.E) in Dalaail u’l Khayraat (Proofs of Good Deeds), and Hadrat Mulla ‘Ali al-Qaari (passed away 1014 A.H/1606 C.E) in Hizb u’l A’zam (The Exalted Supplication).
Some of the kutub (books) that contain all three of these salawaat (and more) are:
At this juncture, let us seize the opportunity of reciting his most famous salaat, that is, As-Salaat u’l Gawthiyya.
Allahumma Salli ‘alaa Sayyidina Muhammad-in
as-Saabiqi li’l khalqi nuruhu
wa Rahmatulli’l ‘aalamina zuhuruhu
‘adada man madaa min khalqiqa wa man baqiya
wa man sa’ida minhum wa man shaqiya
Salaatan tastaghriqu’l ‘adda wa tuhitu bi’l haddi
Salaatan laa ghaayata lahaa wa laa muntahaa wa lanqidaa’a
Salaatan daaimatan bi-Dawaamika
wa ‘alaa aalihi wa sahbihi
wa sallim tasleeman mithla dhaalik.
O Allah! Bestow blessings on our master Muhammad
whose light was created first,
and whose appearance is a mercy for all the worlds,
as many times as the number of Your creations past and yet to come
among those that are blessed and those that are unfortunate;
such blessings that are unlimited and unbounded,
countless, endless, never finishing;
such blessings that are permanent by virtue of Your permanence,
and on his family and companions,
and in the same manner complete salutations as well
The Qadiriyya tariqa is one of Zikrullah, remembrance of Allah. The plural of zikr is azkaar. The azkaar and du’a (supplications) of Shaykh ‘Abdul Qadir Jilani Rady Allahu ‘Anhu have been compiled in many kutub (books), one of which is al-Fuyudhaat ur Rabbaniyya (Emanations of Lorldly Grace). It gives the invocations and supplications of Shaykh ‘Abdul Qadir Jilani to be recited after every salah (regular obligatory prayer), for each day of the week, as well as for various special occasions.
The zikr mainly consists of the recitation of the Kalima Shahada (Declaration of Faith), Asma u’l Husna (the Most Beautiful Names of Allah) and of salawaat (invocation of blessings on the beloved Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him). One of the voluntary zikr recommended to be recited individually after every salah (regular obligatory prayer) is as follows:
After Fajr: Yaa ‘Azizu Yaa Allah (100 times)
(O The Mighty, O Allah)
After Zuhr: Yaa Karimu Yaa Allah (100 times)
(O The Generous, O Allah)
After ‘Asr: Yaa Jabbaru Yaa Allah (100 times)
(O The Compeller, O Allah)
After Maghrib: Yaa Sattaru Yaa Allah (100 times)
(O The Concealer of faults, O Allah)
After ‘Isha: Yaa Ghaffaru Yaa Allah (100 times)
(O The Forgiver, O Allah)
A short article such as this one cannot explain in any detail all the invocations and supplications of the Shaykh. But we can perhaps benefit from reciting at least one of his du’a (supplications). His du’a entitled Du’a u’l Jalalah (The Majestic Supplication) is so rich and rewarding that many mashaayikh choose to include it in their kutub (books), among them being Imam Muhammad ibn ‘Alawi al-Maliki al-Hasani of Makka who has included it in his Duru’ u’l Wiqaya bi Ahzaabi’l Himaaya (Armours of Protection For Security Forces, p. 58).
Bismillah i’r Rahman i’r Rahim
Allahumma inni as’aluka
bi-Sirri-dh-Dhaati wa bi-Dhaat-is-Sirri
Huwa Anta wa Anta Huwa
wa bi-Nuri ‘Arshillah
wa bi-kulli Ismillah
min ‘aduwwee wa ‘aduwwillah
bi maa’ati alfi
Laa hawla walaa quwwata illaa Billah
khatamtu ‘alaa nafsi wa ‘alaa ahli
wa ‘alaa kulli shay-in A’taaneehi Rabbi
khatama bihi aqtaar-as-samaawaati wa’l ard, wa
Hasbunallahu wa Ni’mal Wakil
Ni’mal Mawlaa wa Ni’man Naseer
Wa laa hawla walaa quwwata illaa Billahi’l ‘Aliyyi’l ‘Azim
wa Sallallahu ‘alaa Sayyidina Muhammad-in
wa ‘alaa aalihi wa sahbihi wa sallama ajma’een. Aameen
In the Name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful. (1:1)
O Allah! I ask of You
for the sake of the Mystery of the Essence
and for the sake of the Essence of the Mystery,
both the Essence and the Mystery being Yours,
that may I be protected by the Sacred Light of Allah,
by the Light of the Throne of Allah
and by all the Names of Allah
from my enemies and from all the devils (enemies of Allah),
(I supplicate to You O Allah)
with a hundred thousand times recitation of (this glorification of Yours):
“There is no strength nor power except with Allah”.
I have sealed myself and my family
and all the things that my Lord has given me,
with the impregnable seal of Allah with which
He has sealed all the regions of the heavens and the earth, and
Allah is sufficient for us and what an excellent Trustee is He. (3:173)
What an Excellent Patron and what an Excellent Helper. (8:40)
“And there is no strength nor power except with Allah, the Exalted, the Almighty”.
And may Allah bestow blessings and peace on our master Sayyidina Muhammad,
on his family and all his companions, Aameen.
Such was the spiritual status of Shaykh ‘Abdul Qadir Jilani that in response to his du’a (supplication), Allah would turn a shaqiy (unfortunate person) into a sa’id (someone destined for salvation). Indeed he has so spiritually transformed the lives of so many Muslims in such significant ways that they never forget to mention him in their du’a (supplications to Allah). May Allah, the Glorified and the Exalted make us benefit from him, Aameen.
In his qasaaid (religious poems), Shaykh ‘Abdul Qadir Jilani Rady Allahu ‘Anhu talks mainly about the spiritual station of being intoxicated with the love of Allah. Nine of his qasaaid are given in Al-Fuyudaat u’r Rabbaniyya (Emanations of Lordly Grace). Of these, Qasida Gawthiyya, his nazm (didactic poem) on the Asma u’l Husna, and his mathnawi perhaps call for more comment.
Allah, the Glorified and the Exalted, says in the Holy Qur’an:
Allah’s are the Most Beautiful Names, so invoke Him by them. (7:180)
In fulfilment of this Command, Shaykh ‘Abdul Qadir Jilani has invoked Him in both prose and in verse, using the wasila (means) of the Asma Allah u’l Husna. His emphasis in immersing yourself in the Asma Allah u’l Husna until they run through your veins is breathtaking. He has composed a nazm (didactic poem) in which the Asma u’l Husna appear in the same sequence as they do in the Hadith Sharif. His nazm is a laamiyya: all its 63 verses end and rhyme in the letters “laam-alif “. Each verse invokes Allah with one or more of His Names in such a way that the true meanings of these Names of Allah are also conveyed and understood. The opening verses of this nazm are:
Shara’tu bi Tawhidi’l Ilaahi mubasmilaa
Sa akhtimu bi-dh-dhikri’l Hamidi Mujammilaa
Wa Ash-hadu Annallaha laa Rabba Ghayruhu
Tanazzaha ‘an hasri’l ‘uquli Takammulaa
I begin to expound on monotheism with the Name of Allah
I will end with the Praiseworthy and beautiful remembrance of Allah
And I bear witness that there is no Lord but He
Transcendant is He, completely beyond human understanding
Next, we come to Qasida Gawthiyya which is universally popular. It is an exposition on some of the spiritual powers that Allah has granted him so that people may be educated about spiritual matters and Muslims may gain confidence in themselves. It is chanted from Rabat to Lahore and from Mombasa to Toronto, that is world-wide. Some of the kutub (books) which contain this qasida are:
There are various refrains or congregational responses when this qasida is recited. A popular response in Arabic is:
Mawaali yaa mawaali yaa mawaali
Wa Muhyiddin-i Sultan ur rijaali
O freedmen emancipated from (the) slavery (of your passions)
The reviver of the faith (Shaykh Jilani) is the Sultan of men
A well-known refrain in Urdu is:
As-salaam ay Nur-e chashmay Anbiya
As-salaam ay Baadshah-e Awliya
Salaams to you, O fountain of the lights of the Prophets
Salaams to you, O Sultan of the saints
One of the qasaaid of Shaykh ‘Abdul Qadir Jilani is a mathnawi. A mathnawi is a poem in which the two hemistich (half verses) of a verse rhyme, and the rhyme keeps on changing from one verse to the next. Shaykh ‘Abdul Ghani Nabulsi Rahmatullahi ‘alayh (1641-1731 C.E) has composed a takhmis of this qasida. A takhmis is the augmentation of a couplet to a quintent, in other words the quintification of a couplet!
So far, we have talked about his qasaaid from Al-Fuyudaat ur Rabbaniyya which are very popular. Now we come to an appreciation of much shorter pieces of a few verses each from Qalaid al-Jawahir (Necklaces of Gems).
It is a tradition among the mashaayikh (spiritual masters) to explain about matters pertaining to the religion of Islam in both prose and poetry. For example, when Shaykh ‘Abdul Qadir Jilani Rady Allahu ‘Anh was asked to explain the meaning of the word faqir (poor, needy before Allah), he said that the word faqir is formed with four letters, “faa”, “qaaf “, “yaa”, and “raa”, as cited in Qalaid al Jawahir (Necklaces of Gems). Then he explained the significance of each of these letters in four verses to convey the meaning and the essence of the word faqir.
faa-u’l faqiri fanaa-u-hu fee Dhaatihi
wa faraaghu-hu min na’tihi wa sifaatih
wa’l qaafu quwwatu qalbihi bi-Habibihi
wa qiyaamuhu Lillahi fee Mardaatih
wa’l yaayu yarju bihi wa yakhaafuhu
wa yaqumu bi’t taqwa bi-haqqi tuqaatih
wa’r raa’u riqqatu qalbihi wa safaauhu
wa ruju’uhu ‘an shahawaatih
The letter faa in the word faqir stands for his
annihilation for the sake of Allah
and getting rid of his own description and attributes
The qaaf stands for the strength of his heart that is
with his Beloved Allah
and his standing up for the sake of Allah is purely for His Good Pleasure
The yaa stands for his hope in Him and his reverential
awe of Him
and he performs his duty as true devotion demands
The raa stands for the softness of his heart and its
and its return to Allah from its carnal desires.
We notice that when he talks about the letter “faa”, the Shaykh uses two words that begin with the letter “faa”. These are fanaa and faraagh. Similarly, when he comes to the letter “qaaf”, he uses three words – quwwah, qalb and qiyaam – that begin with the letter “qaaf” . The words associated with the letter “yaa” are yarju, yakhaafu and yaqumu while those that go with the letter “raa” are riqqah and ruju’. Shaykh ‘Abdul Qadir Jilani Rady Allahu ‘Anhu was for sure not only a master of the religion of Islam but a master of the Arabic language as well.
Shaykh ‘Abdul Qadir Jilani, Rady Allahu ‘Anhu as the model of a Sufi saint, through his nasiha, azkaar and salawaat, through giving a living reality to Islam, in his complete surrender to the Will of Allah and in his showing of tawakkul (trust in Allah) and through his teaching and preaching converted more than five thousand Jews and Christians to Islam while more than a hundred thousand ruffians, outlaws, murderers, thieves and bandits repented and became devout Muslims and gentle dervishes, explains Shaykh Tosun Bayrak al-Jerrahi al-Halveti in his “Introduction” to the translation of Sirr al-Asrar (The Secret of Secrets, p XXXI). Shaykh ‘Abdul Qadir Jilani says in the 35th Discourse (khutba) in Al-Fath-ur-Rabbani (The Endowment of Divine Grace) that this was among the blessings of our beloved Prophet Muhammad, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him.
Shaykh ‘Abdul Qadir Jilani, Rady Allahu ‘Anhu had four wives, each a model of virtue, and devoted to him. He had forty-nine children, twenty-seven sons and twenty-two daughters. Four of his sons, Shaykh ‘Abdul Wahhab, Shaykh ‘Isa, Shaykh ‘Abdul Razzaq and Shaykh Musa became famous for their education and learning, and they and their descendants spread Islam in other parts of the world.
Shaykh ‘Abdul Qadir Jilani Rady Allahu ‘Anhu passed away with the zikr of Allah on his lips on 11 Rabi’ u’l Akhir 561 A.H, 1166 C.E, at the age of 91. A special zikr session is held that night. It is variously known as Khatm Gawthiyya, Ziyara Shaykh ‘Abdul Qadir Jilani, ‘Urs Shareef, or Gyarween Shareef. In Eastern Africa, a whole night zikr session is held in congregation ending with Fajr salah after which breakfast is served. In some places, zikr sessions continue for days. These zikr sessions draw murideen (spiritual seekers) in their thousands who come out spiritually rejuvenated, with their characters transformed and refined, ready to sacrifice everything they have for the sake of Allah. And these halaqa (gatherings) of zikr in Tariqatul Qadiriyya have continued to attract millions of people to Islam through centuries and will continue to do so, Insha-Allah, till the Day of Judgement, Aameen.
Besides this annual zikr congregation, zikr sessions are also held on the eleventh of every month (hence called Gyarween Shareef in Urdu), as well as every Thursday night, as the night before Jumu’a is considered auspicious. The murideen (spiritual seekers) also do zikr everyday individually in a mosque or at home. This then is one of the enduring legacies of Shaykh ‘Abdul Qadir Jilani, Rady Allahu ‘Anhu.
Other mashaayikh (spiritual masters) came who continued with the work of Shaykh ‘Abdul Qadir Jilani. A few examples suffice to illustrate this. The first example is that of Khawaja Mu'inuddin Chishti Ajmeri Rahmatullahi ‘alayh (passed away 627 A.H/1230 C.E), who acknowledged Shaykh ‘Abdul Qadir Jilani as his Shaykh and spread Islam in India. He achieved such a high spiritual status that he is called Sultanu’l Hind (the sultan of saints in the Indian sub-continent) and all the saints in that region are under his banner while he is under the banner of the Gawth al A'zam. In the same way Shaykh Uways ibn Muhammad Rahmatullahi ‘alayh (1263-1326 A.H, 1847-1909 C.E) of Somalia became a khalifa (vicegerent) in Tariqatu’l Qadiriyya at the shrine of Shaykh ‘Abdul Qadir Jilani in Baghdad and spread Islam in the whole of Eastern Africa through congregations of zikr. And Shaykh Hamzah Fansuri, Rahmatullahi ‘alayh, considered to be one of the greatest saints in Indonesia in the 16th century C.E. proudly proclaimed that he learned Islam from Shaykh ‘Abdul Qadir Jilani.
It can truly be said that the muhibbin (loving disciples) of Shaykh ‘Abdul Qadir Jilani Rady Allahu ‘Anhu have spread Islam throughout the world through zikr. The barakaat (blessings) of zikr are truly unending. May Allah Ta'ala make us among the zakirin (those who remember Him), Aameen.
And the granting of wilayah (the status of a saint) by Allah Ta'ala to the zakirin (those who remember Him), ‘abidin (those who worship Him), salihin (pious), and muhibbin (those who love Him and the Holy Prophet Muhammad) is in all instances mediated by the Holy Prophet Muhammad Sallallahu ‘alayhi wa Sallam, Shaykh ‘Abdul Qadir Jilani and one's own Shaykh. After all, the awliya Allah (Friends of Allah) and the ‘ulama (learned scholars) are the Khalifatullah, vicegerants of Allah. Allahumma’j’alnaa fee zumrati’l awliya wa’s salihin (O Allah! Keep us in the company of the saints and the pious), Aameen Yaa Rabba’l ‘Aalamin.
Some scholars have written whole books of biography on Shaykh ‘Abdul Qadir Jilani Rady Allahu ‘Anhu. Some have written articles on him while others have mentioned him in their writings by way of illustration. A preliminary survey reveals the following biographies of the Shaykh in various languages.
A: In Arabic
Biographies which deal with the virtues and the glorious deeds of a Muslim luminary are called manaqib in Arabic. Some of the learned scholars who have written the manaqib of Shaykh ‘Abdul Qadir Jilani, expounding on his exemplary character, his achievements in piety, and his miracles are:
- Shaykh As-Sayyid Ahmad ar-Rifa’i (passed away 578 A.H, 1182 C.E),
- Shaykh Abu Madyan Shu’ayb (520-594 A.H, 1126-1198 C.E),
- Shaykh Shihabuddin ‘Umar as-Suhrawardi (539-632 A.H, 1145-1234 C.E),
- Imam Ahmad ibn Hajar al-Asqalani (773-852 A.H)
He also quotes from about a dozen biographies of the Shaykh by various well-known ‘ulama (learned scholars).
Rahmatullahi ‘alayhim ajma’een.
B: In Urdu, by
C: In Turkish, by
Shaykh Muzaffar Ozak Effendi, in Ziynet ul Qulub (The Adornment of Hearts), translated by Shaykh Muhtar Holland.
D: In English, by
Imam Muhyiddin an-Nawawi Rahmatullahi ‘alayh (631-676 A.H) wrote the following about Shaykh ‘Abdul Qadir Jilani Rady Allahu ‘Anhu in his kitab (book) entitled Bustan u’l ‘Arifin (Garden of the Spiritual Masters):
“In all that has reached us from trustworthy reporters, concerning the charismatic talents of the saints (karamat al-awliya), we learn of none more numerous than the charismatic talents of the Cardinal Pole (Qutb), the Shaykh of Baghdad, Muhyi’d Din ‘Abd al-Qadir al-Jili (may Allah be well pleased with him).
He was the Shaikh of the principle Shafi’i and Hanbali authorities in Baghdad. Leadership in the sphere of knowledge devolved upon him in his day and age. More than a few of the notable figures received their education in his fellowship, and most of the preeminent Shaikhs of ‘Iraq became affiliated with him. His teaching was propagated by a host of those endowed with splendid spiritual states. His countless students included many of the masters of exalted spiritual stations. The Shaikhs and scholars (may Allah be well pleased with them all) were unanimous in declaring him worthy of the greatest honour and respect, in confirming his authority, in referrring to his statements, and in having recourse to his judgement…..
He had an exalted way of speaking about the esoteric sciences (‘ulum al-ma’arif). His anger was intense whenever the sanctuaries of Allah (Glory be to Him and Exalted is He) were violated. He was openhanded and magnanimous in the most beautiful way. To put it in a nutshell, there was none like him in his day and age.
May Allah be well pleased with him!” (Here ends this abridged
(Qalaid al-Jawahir, Necklaces of Gems, p. 555-556, translated by Shaykh Muhtar Holland, whose translation has been adopted henceforth).
Once Shaykh Abu Madyan Shu’ayb al-Maghribi Rahmatullahi ‘alayh asked Hadrat Khidr ‘alayhissalam about Shaykh ‘Abdul Qadir Jilani, Rady Allahu ‘Anhu to which he replied:
“He is the leader of the champions of truth, and the competent authority of those who know by direct experience. He is a breath of life in the sphere of direct knowledge, and his business is intimate converse between all the saints (may Allah be well pleased with them all)”. (Qalaid al-Jawahir, p. 325-326).
The following is a very short excerpt of what Shaykh ‘Afif ud-Din al-Yafi’i al-Yamani Rahmatullahi ‘alayh had to say about Shaykh ‘Abdul Qadir Jilani in his Ta’rikh (History).
“He roamed inside the natures (nufus) of human beings as freely as breaths roam in their breasts, and he made their hearts fragrant with the scent of gardens showered by rain. He cured their natures of their sicknesses, and cleared their minds of their illusions. No one who heard him failed to declare his commitment to repentance, or to make his eyelids sore from weeping.
How many a sinner he brought back to Allah (Exalted is He)! How many a fainthearted weakling he reinvogorated! How many drunkards he rescued from the wine of passion! How many prisoners he released from the shackles of their lower selves (nufus)! How many mainstays (awtad) and spiritual deputies (abdal) did Allah choose because of him! On how many men did Allah confer a spiritual station because of him! The thoroughbred steeds of spiritual talents never ceased to ride toward him. My Allah (Blessed and Exalted is He) bestow His mercy upon him!” (Qalaid al-Jawahir, p. 551-552).
Shaykh al-Mu’ammar al-Jarrad once said:
“These two eyes of mine have never set sight on anyone of better moral character, nor of broader inner feeling, nor of nobler personality nor of kinder heart, nor of greater loyalty and affection, than Shaykh ‘Abd al-Qadir. Without regard for the majesty of his stature, the exalted nature of his rank, and the vast extent of his knowledge, he would support the lowly and challenge the great. He would always be the first to offer the greeting of peace (salam), and treat the poor with humble respect, though he would not stand up for any of the high and mighty and the notables, nor would he go knocking at the doors of any minister (wazir) or ruler (sultan).” (Qalaid al-Jawahir, p. 80)
Shaykh Baqa ibn Batu, Rahmatullahi ‘alayh, said that the tariqa (spiritual path) of Shaykh ‘Abd al-Qadir consists of “the unifications of word and deed, the unification of the self (nafs) and the moment, the embracing of sincere devotion (ikhlas) and submissive resignation (taslim), harmonious compliance with the Book and the Sunna in every thought, every glance, every state, as well as steadfast constancy in relation to Allah (Almighty and Glorious is He)” (Qalaid al-Jawahir, p. 87)
Al-Hafiz Imad-ud-Din ibn Kathir Rahmatullahi ‘alayh described the admonitions of Shaykh ‘Abdul Qadir Jilani in his Ta’rikh (History) entitled Al-Bidaya wa’n Nihaya, saying: "He enjoined the people to do what is good and abstain from what is evil. His admonitions addressed caliphs, ministers, people in authority, judges, companions and the masses. Standing on the pulpits of the mosques, he reprimanded them in the presence of witnesses as well as during his public addresses. He disavowed the civil appointment of any unjust person, chose Allah's blessings over anyone else's wrath, and was not affected by any reproach." (Quoted by Shaykh Muhammad Al-Akili in the “Preface” to his translation of Al-Fath-ur-Rabbani, p. X)
Imam Shihabuddin ‘Umar ibn Muhammad as-Suhrawardi Rahmatullahi ‘alayh in his universally acclaimed classic Awarif ul Ma'arif (The gnosis of the gnostics) refers to Shaykh ‘Abdul Qadir Jilani as "Our Shaykh" and quotes his advice.
Al-Baz Publishing company which has taken the lead in translating and publishing the works of Shaykh ‘Abdul Qadir Jilani, quotes the following words of Shaykh Muzaffar Ozak Efendi from Ziynet ul Qulub (The Adornment of Hearts), in introducing the works of the Shaykh to the public:
“The venerable ‘Abd al-Qadir al-Jilani passed on to the Realm of Divine Beauty in 561 A.H/1166 C.E, and his blessed mausoleum in Baghdad is still a place of pious visitation. He is noted for his extraordinary spiritual experiences and exploits and wise teachings. It is rightly said of him that ‘he was born in love, grew in perfection, and met his Lord in the perfection of love.’ May the All-Glorious Lord bring us in contact with his lofty spiritual influence!” Aameen. (Qalaid al-Jawahir, back cover).
This is how Brother Ruslan Moore introduced Futuh al-Ghaib (Revelations of the Unseen) to the readers in his “Publisher’s Preface”.
“The words of Shaikh ‘Abd al-Qadir al-Jilani can undoubtedly be considered among the most precious treasures of Islam. Indeed, Al-Baz Publishing was founded with the intention of providing fine English translations of his works for the benefit of English-speaking Muslims everywhere, in the spirit of wishing to share the benefit and blessing we have received ourselves at his hand.
I became first interested in Shaikh ‘Abd al-Qadir in learning from my own spiritual guide and benefactor Bapak Muhammad Sumohadiwidjojo, founder of the Subud brotherhood (may Allah be well pleased with him) that Allah had bestowed on the Shaikh the same opening and contact that Bapak himself received from Allah, and which he has passed on to us.
Anyone familiar with the latihan kejiwaan of Subud will understand that to be so honoured by Almighty God is an unusual occurrence in the history of mankind, such grace usually being bestowed on very few of His creatures. My interest thus being aroused, I sought out the surviving manuscripts from their various repositories around the world, and began the task of having them translated. From the very first reading it was apparent to me that what Bapak had said about the Shaikh was true.”
Sayyidi wa Imami, Imam ‘Abdallah ibn ‘Alawi al-Haddad, Rady Allahu ‘Anhu, (1044-1132 A.H) in expounding on tawakkul (trust and reliance on Allah) in his spiritual masterpiece Risalat u’l Mu’awanah (The Book of Assistance) explains the signs of tawakkul and supports his position with the example of Shaykh ‘Abdul Qadir Jilani, Rady Allahu ‘Anhu whom he calls “sayyidi” (“my master”).
“The one whose reliance is sincere has three marks. The first is that he neither has hopes in nor fears other than God. The sign of this is that he upholds the truth in the presence of those in whose regard people usually have hope or fear, such as princes and rulers. The second is that worrying about his sustenance never enters his heart, because of his confidence in God’s guarantee, so that his heart is as tranquil when in need as when his need is fulfilled, or even more. The third is that his heart does not become disturbed in fearful situations, knowing that that which has missed him could never have struck him, and that which has struck him could never have missed him. An example of this was related of my lord ‘Abdal-Qadir al-Jilani, may God spread his benefit. He was once discoursing on Destiny when a great viper fell on him, so that his audience panicked. The viper coiled itself around the shaykh’s neck, then entered one of his sleeves and came out from the other while he remained firm and unperturbed, and did not interrupt his discourse”. (Risalat u’l Mu’awanah, The Book of Assistance, translated by Dr. Mostafa al-Badawi, p. 121-122).
This incident demonstrates that Shaykh ‘Abdul Qadir Jilani was matchless in a very special way. It also reminds us about the following verses of the Holy Qur’an on the awliya Allah (friends of Allah):
Surely, on the friends of Allah, there is no fear, nor do they grieve. Those who believed and guarded (against evil). For them are glad tidings in this world’s life and in the Hereafter; there is no changing the words of Allah; that is the Supreme Triumph. (10:62-64)
It has been narrated in the biographies of Shaykh ‘Abdul Qadir Jilani that once he saw a dazzling light which filled the whole sky. Then a human frame appeared in it and told him he was his lord and that he had made everything that was prohibited in Islam lawful for him. Shaykh ‘Abdul Qadir Jilani recognized him as the devil and told him to get lost. Then the sky turned dark and the human frame fizzled out into smoke. Following this, Shaykh ‘Abdul Qadir Jilani heard someone say to him that he had misled seventy people in this way but that his knowledge and piety had saved him. To this the Shaykh responded that it was through the Grace of Allah that he had been saved! The machinations of shaytan could obviously never make Shaykh ‘Abdul Qadir Jilani abandon the shari’a (sacred Muslim law).
Professor Shetha al-Dargazelli and Dr. Louay Fatoohi explain in their “Introduction” to the translation of Jila al-Khatir how Shaykh ‘Abdul Qadir Jilani came to be called Muhyiddin. Once on a Friday in the year 511 A.H, Shaykh ‘Abdul Qadir Jilani came across a frail old invalid who greeted him and asked him to help him to sit up. When he helped him to sit up, he became well again and his whole condition improved. He told Shaykh ‘Abdul Qadir Jilani that he was the religion of Islam which had been forgotten but which he had helped to revive. Following this incident, Shaykh ‘Abdul Qadir Jilani went to the congregational mosque where people greeted him as “Muhyid Din” (Reviver of Religion). He had never been called by that name before!
All the biographers of Shaykh ‘Abdul Qadir Jilani marvel at his miracles. Dr. Muhammad Haroon Rahmatullahi ‘alayh of the Raza Academy in England has described the miracles of the Shaykh in detail in "The World Importance of Ghawth al A’zam Hadrat Sheikh Muhyiddin Abdul Qadir Jilani". To gain baraka (blessings), let us at this juncture recall one of these miracles which relates to fasting in the month of Ramadan. It is related that as it was cloudy, the new moon had not been sighted and people were confused whether to fast or not to fast. They came to Ummu’l Khayr and asked if the child had taken milk that day. As he had not, they surmised that they had to fast. His mother relates; "My son 'Abdul Qadir was born in the month of Ramadan. No matter how hard I tried he refused to suckle in the daytime. Throughout his infancy he would never take food during the month of fasting." (Sirr al-Asrar, “Introduction” by Shaykh Tosun al-Jerrahi al-Halveti, p. XIII)
This is how Shaykh Tosun al-Jerrahi al-Halveti explains about the daily life of Shaykh ‘Abdul Qadir Jilani, Rady Allahu ‘Anhu: "He himself had given all of himself to Allah. His nights passed with little or no sleep in secluded prayer and meditation. He spent his days like a true follower of the Prophet in the service of humanity. Three times a week he would deliver public sermons to thousands of people. Every day in the morning and the afternoon he gave lessons in Qur'anic commentary, Prophetic traditions, theology, religious law and sufism. He spent the time after the midday prayer giving advice and consultation to people, whether beggars or kings, who would come from all parts of the world. Before sunset prayers, rain or shine, he took to the streets to distribute bread among the poor. As he spent all his days in fasting he would eat only once a day, after sunset prayer, and never alone. His servants would stand at his door asking passers-by if they were hungry, so that they could share his table." (Sirr al-Asrar, p. XLIV)
Shaykh Hammad al-Dabbas Rahmatullahi ‘alayh had predicted that one day Shaykh ‘Abdul Qadir Jilani would be commanded to proclaim that his foot is on the neck of every Waliyallah (friend of Allah). This prediction was fulfilled when Shaykh ‘Abdul Qadir Jilani declared at one of his majalis (religious sessions) in the presence of more than forty mashaayikh (spiritual masters) of Iraq that his foot was on the neck of every Waliyallah. All the mashaayikh, those that were present as well as those in far off lands and places acknowledged and accepted this fact. Qutb u’l Irshad Imam ‘Abdallah ibn ‘Alawi al-Haddad has versified on this spiritual reality in one of his qasaaid (eulogies) in Ad-Durr ul Manzum li Dhawil ‘Uqul wa’l Fuhum (Poetic Pearls For Discerning and Understanding Minds). A’la Hadrat Imam Ahmad Raza Khan Rahmatullahi ‘alayh has versified on it in his “Salaams”, while Shaykh ‘Abdul Haqq Muhaddith Dehlawi has expounded on its spiritual reality in Akhbar u’l Akhyar (Narrations About The Chosen Ones).
But the initiate sometimes wonders why Shaykh ‘Abdul Qadir Jilani revealed so many spiritual secrets when most other shuyukh (spiritual masters) are reticent. To answer this question, we will need to turn to Sayyidi wa Imami Qutb u’l Irshad al-Habib Mawlana ‘Abdallah ibn ‘Alawi al-Haddad, Rady Allahu ‘Anhu. In It-haaf i’s-saail (Gifts for the Seeker), he explains that Shaykh ‘Abdul Qadir Jilani, Rady Allahu ‘Anhu had received permission to divulge these spiritual secrets - "for the man who receives such permission is under an order which he can but obey - and the secret of the permission granted in such matters is itself one that cannot be divulged." (Gifts for the Seeker, translation by Dr. Mostafa al-Badawi, p.11).
Given these realities of history, is it any wonder then to find that more qasaaid (poems, called manqabat in Urdu) have been composed in praise of Shaykh ‘Abdul Qadir Jilani Rady Allahu ‘Anhu than on any other saint? A preliminary survey of these eulogies in various languages yields the following results:
A: In Arabic
Some of the mashaayikh who have eulogised on Shaykh ‘Abdul Qadir Jilani in their qasaaid (religious poetry) in Arabic are:
Rahmatullahi ‘alayhim ajma’in.
B: In Urdu, Farsi, Punjabi and Sindhi
And we must not forget all the qawwalis in honour of the Shaykh in Urdu, Farsi and Punjabi.
C: In Indonesian
By Shaykh Hamzah Fansuri, Rahmatullahi ‘alayh, as quoted by Professor Sayyid Muhammad Naquib al-‘Attas in Some Aspects of Sufism as Understood and Practiced Among the Malays.
D: In Turkish
An anonymous poem on the Tarikat-i Aliyye-i Rifaiyye internet web-site at www.rifai-kadiri.org/Kadiri.html
If there is so much religious poetry in honour of Shaykh ‘Abdul Qadir Jilani, then how much more religious poetry must there be on the family and companions of Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him, and on the beloved Holy Prophet Muhammad Mustafa Sallallahu ‘alayhi wa Sallam himself? Allahumma salli wa sallim wa baarik ‘alayh.
In a short article like this, it is not possible to give any detailed appreciation of all the poetry in honour of Shaykh ‘Abdul Qadir Jilani, Rady Allahu ‘Anhu. It suffices to give a sprinkling of a few verses from some of the mashaayikh in various languages beginning with Arabic.
In a qasida raaiyya of 33 verses which rhyme in the letter “raa”, Imam ‘Abdallah ibn ‘Alawi al-Haddad, Rady Allahu ‘Anhu, praises Allah, the Glorified and the Exalted; invokes the blessings of Allah on the beloved holy Prophet Muhammad, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, on his family and companions; and then eulogizes on Shaykh ‘Abdul Qadir Jilani in 11 verses, four of which are:
Wa bi sibtihim wa hafidihim wa salilihim
Ash-Shaykh Muhyiddin-i ‘Abdul Qadiri
Al-Jiliyyi’l mash-huri fardu zamanihi
Shaykh u’sh shuyukhi bi-batinin wa bi-zahiri
Ghawth u’l bilaadi wa Ghaythuha wa Mughithuha
‘An idhn Sayyidi-hi’l Maliki’l Qahiri
Tawdush-shari’a wa’t tariqa wa’l hudaa
Bahru’l Haqiqa’l Khadmi’z zakhiri
(Ad-Durr u’l Manzum li-Dhawi’l ‘Uqul wa’l Fuhum, p. 240)
For the sake of his (The Prophet’s) grandson, his descendant,
The Reviver of the faith, Shaykh ‘Abdul Qadir
The famous Jilani, unmatched in his time
The master of the spiritual masters, hidden as well as manifest
The helper of the country and its refreshing rain and succour
With the permission of his Lord, Allah, who is The King, The Supreme
A towering peak of sacred law, the spiritual path and
A vast overflowing ocean of spiritual realities
Next we come to Shaykh ‘Afif ud-din al-Yafi’i al-Yamani Rahmatullahi ‘alayh who overflows in superlative praise of the Shaykh in his book entitled Ta’rikh (History). He has perhaps identified his main quality as the ‘abid (worshipper) of Allah, that is why he begins with the word ‘abduka (Your servant, O Allah).
‘abduka fawqa’l ma’ali rutbatan
wa lahu’l mahasinu wa’l fakhar al-afkharu
wa lahu’l haqaiqu wa’t taraiqu fi’l mada
wa lahu’l ma’arifu ka’l kawakibi tazharu
wa lahu’l fadailu wa’l makarimu wa’n nida
wa lahu’l manaqibu fi’l mahafili tunsharu
wa lahu’t taqaddumu wa’l ma’ali fi’l ‘alaa
wa lahu’l maratibu fi’n nihayati takthuru
ghawthu’l waraa gaithu’n nada nuru’l huda
badr u’d duja shams u’d duha bal anwaru
qata’al ‘uluma ma’al ‘uquli fa-asbahat
atwaruha min dunihi tatahayyaru
ma fee ‘ulahu maqalatun li-mukhalifin
fa-masailu’l ijma’i feehi tusattaru
Your servant is above the highest heights in rank
and his are all the virtues and the finest glory
The realities and the paths are his to the fullest extent
and the intimate forms of knowledge shine for him like stars
His are all the merits, the graces and the call
and in his gatherings, his marvels are renowned
Preeminence is his and the high points in nobility
and many are his degrees in ultimate achievement
The helper of mankind, the rain of generosity, the light of
the full moon of the night, the sun of the fore-noon – nay, even brighter
He traversed all the sciences with the faculties of reason
so their mountain peaks are in confusion far below him
No one can bring an argument, disputing his high standing
for consensus of opinion on the matter has duly been recorded
(Transliteration and translation by Shaykh Muhtar Holland, in Qalaid al-Jawahir, p. 552).
Let us conclude the recitation of the poetry in Arabic with a very popular chorus of an anonymous Qasida in the Diwan of Tariqatu’l Qadiriyya.
Bi Rasulillahi wa’l Jilan
Wa Rijaalin min Bani Adnan
Salaku fee Manhaj i’r Rahman
Bi Rasulillahi wa’l Jilan.
For the sake of the Holy Prophet and Shaykh Jilani
And those in the tribe of Adnan
They have treaded the Path of the Merciful Lord
For the sake of the Holy Prophet and Shaykh Jilani.
(O Allah hear our prayers)
Next, let us savour the following four lines in the Indonesian language from Shaykh Hamzah Fansuri, Rahmatullahi ‘alayh, as given by Prof. Sayyid Muhammad Naquib al-‘Attas in Some Aspects of Sufism as Understood and Practiced Among the Malays, p. 22.
Hamzah nin asalnya Fansuri
Mendapat wujud ditanah Shahar Nawi
Beroleh Khilafat ilmu yang ali
Daripada Abdul Qadir Sayyid Jilani
I Hamzah who am of Fansur a son
At Shahar Nawi my being have won
The knowledge sublime I acquired from one
Called Abdul Qadir Sayyid of Jilan.
This is the opening couplet of a Turkish poem on the internet web-site Tarikat-i Aliyye-i Rifaiyye.
Medhi mumkin olmadi Sultan Abdulkadir’in
Gun gibi bak asikar burhani Abdulkadir’in
It is impossible to adequately praise Shaykh ‘Abdul
As clear as daylight is the Proof of Shaykh ‘Abdul Qadir
Now we come to the translation of the abyaat (couples) of Sultan u’l ‘Arifin Sultan Bahu, Rahmatullahi ‘alayh in Champay Dhee Bootee (The Jasmine Plant, p. 33), a classic in kalaamu’l ma'rifa in the Punjabi language.
Taalib Ghawthu’l A'zam waalay
Shaalaa kadhay na howan paandhay hu
Jendhay andhar ‘ishq dhee rattee
Rayn sadha kur landhay hu
Jenun shawq dha howay
Lay khushyaan nit aandhay hu
Dhono jahan naseeb tunhandhay Bahu
Jehray zaati alam kamaandhay hu
Followers of the Gawthul A'zam:
Would God, they are never ill!
Those who have one grain of loving,
Ever are in pang and chill.
Lured by chances of a meeting
Hopeful in their joyous drill
Lucky in both worlds are Bahu!
Lovers who gain Allah's Will.
(Translation by Maqbool Elahi, The Abyat of Sultan Bahu, p 103)
There is so much manqabat on the Ghawth al-A’zam that it is not possible to do justice to it all. But perhaps we can get the blessings of the opening quatrain of this “Salaam” (Salutations) on him by an anonymous poet.
Abu Salih kay ghar may woh Ghawth-e-zamaan
Laa-aye tashrif woh hadiye ins-o-jaan
Warith-e anbiyaa shaahe kawno makaan
Jaane iman awr nur-e jaan-e-jahaan
Ghawth-e A’zam ki hurmat pay lakhon salaam
Qutb-e-‘alam ki nusrat pay lakhon salaam
In the house of Abu Salih arrived
The Spiritual Helper of the age, the guide for humans and jinns
The inheritor of the Prophets, the prince of the planets
The life of faith and the light of the soul of existence
A million salutations in honour of the greatest saint
A million salutations to the help of the spiritual pillar of the world.
It is fitting to conclude this section with an appreciation of at least some of the manqabat of A’la Hadrat Imam Ahmad Raza Khan, Rahmatullahi ‘alayh on the Ghawth a’l A’zam. Some of these manqabat are so popular that they are recited in all the majalis (spiritual gatherings). The opening verses of one of these manqabat are:
Tu hay wo Ghawth kay har Ghawth hay shayda teraa
Tu hay wo Ghayth kay har Ghayth hay pyasa teraa
You are the spiritual helper for whom every spiritual helper
melts in admiration
You are the refreshing rain for whom every rain-shower thirsts
Finally, let us benefit from the Salaams of Imam Ahmad Raza Khan. He composed Salaams on the Holy Prophet Muhammad Sallallahu ‘alayhi wa Sallam in which after profuse salutations on the Holy Prophet, he also sent salaams on the Ahl u’l Bayt and the Sahaba, Rady Allahu ‘Anhum, as well as on the Imams of madh-hab, the awliya Allah and the salihin (the pious), Rahmatullahi ‘alayhim ajma'een.
Consider just two verses from A'la Hadrat on the Ghawth al A'zam to appreciate his love for the Shaykh.
Ghawth al A'zam Imam ut tuqaa wan-nuqaa
Jalwa-aye Shaanay Qudrat pay lakhon salaam
Jis ke minbar banay gardanay awliya
Us qadam ki karamat pay lakhon salaam
(Hadaaiq-i-Bakhshish, p 149)
Ghawth al A'zam Imam of the saints and the pious
A million salutations on him who was pure by nature
The one for whom the necks of saints became a pulpit
A million salutations on the miracle of his feet
Tazkiratu’l awliya (the zikr of the friends of Allah) is truly unending. May Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala forgive us and give us the hidaya (guidance) to live Islam according to the Qur'an and the lifestyle of the beloved Holy Prophet Muhammad, Sallallahu ‘alayhi wa Sallam as explained and exemplified by Ghawth al A'zam Shaykh ‘Abdul Qadir Jilani, Rady Allahu ‘Anhu, Aameen Yaa Rabbal ‘Aalamin.
Classics of Muslim Spirituality by Shaykh ‘Abdul Qadir Jilani, Rady Allahu ‘Anhu
1. Al-Ghunya li-Talibi Tariq al-Haqq (Sufficient Provision for Seekers of the Path of Truth), Dar al-Albab, Damascus, n.d. Translated. by Shaykh Muhtar Holland, Al-Baz Publishing, Ft. Lauderdale, Florida, 1997. Urdu translation by Mawlana Sayyid ‘Abd ud Daim Jilani, Daru’l Isha’ah, Karachi, 1990.
2. Futuh al-Ghaib (Revelations of the Unseen), Dar al-Albab, Damascus, 1986. Translated by Shaykh Muhtar Holland, Al-Baz Publishing, Florida, 1992.
3. Al-Fath ar-Rabbani (The Sublime Revelation), Dar al-Albab, Damascus, n.d. Translated by Shaykh Muhtar Holland, Al-Baz Publishing, Houston, Texas, 1992. Also translated by Shaykh Muhammad al-Akili as The Endowment of Divine Grace, Pearl Publishing House, Philadelphia, 1990. Urdu translation by Mawlana ‘Ashiq Ilahi Mirthi, Madina Publishing Company, Karachi, 1976.
4. Jala al-Khawatir (The Removal of Cares), Maktaba Nabawiya, Lahore, n.d. Translated by Shaykh Muhtar Holland, Al-Baz Publishing, Hollywood, Florida, 1997. Also translated as Jila al-Khatir (Purification of the Mind) by Professor Shetha Al-Dargazelli and Louay Fatoohi, published by A. S. Noordeen, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 1999.
5. Sirr al-Asrar (The Secret of Secrets), interpreted by Shaykh Tosun Bayrak al-Jerrahi al-Halveti, The Islamic Texts Society, Cambridge, England, 1992.
6. Malfuzat (Talks and Sayings), Translated by Shaykh Muhtar Holland, Al-Baz Publishing, Houston, Texas, 1992.
7. Khamsata ‘Ashara Maktuban (Fifteen Letters). Translated from Persian into Arabic by ‘Ali ibn Husam ad-Din al-Muttaqi, and from Arabic into English by Shaykh Muhtar Holland, Al-Baz Publishing, Hollywood, Florida, 1997.
Other Classics of Muslim Spirituality
1. Imam Shihabuddin ‘Umar ibn Muhammad Suhrawardi, Awarif u’l Ma’arif (The Gnosis of the Gnostics), Dar ul Kutub al-‘Ilmiyya, Beirut, 1413/1993.
2. Imam ‘Abdallah ibn ‘Alawi al-Haddad, Risalat u’l Mu’awana (The Book of Assistance), translated by Dr. Mostafa al-Badawi, The Quilliam Press, London, 1989.
3. Imam ‘Abdallah ibn ‘Alawi al-Haddad, It-haaf-is-Saail (Gifts For The Seeker), translated by Dr. Mostafa al-Badawi, The Quilliam Press, London, 1992.
4. Abu’l Hasan, Nur Namu (An Exposition On The Light of Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him), in Sindhi, Matba’a Muhammadi, Mumbai, n.d.
5. Shaykh ‘Abdallah bin Mu’allim Yusuf al-Qutbi al-Qadiri, Al-Majmu’a al-Mubaraka al-Mushtamila ‘alaa Kutubi Khamsa (A Blessed Compendium of Five Books), al-Maktaba al-Islamiyya, Mogadishu, n.d.
1. Shaykh Muhammad ibn Yahya at-Tadifi, Qalaid al-Jawahir (Necklaces of Gems), A Biography of the Crown of the Saints, Shaikh ‘Abd al-Qadir al-Jilani, translated by Shaykh Muhtar Holland, Al-Baz Publishing, Fort Lauderdale, Florida, 1998.
2. Shaykh Hasan bin ‘Umayr ash-Shirazi, ‘Iqd al-‘Iqyan, as-Sayyid Muhammad ‘Umar Qullatayn, Zanzibar, 1362 A.H.
3. Shaykh ‘AbdurRahman bin Ahmad az-Zayla’i, “Fayd u’r Rahmani”, in Majmu’a Mushtamila (A Compendium of Writings), al-Maktaba Islamiya, Djibouti, 1972.
4. Hazrate Mawlana Muhammad Ilyas Attar Qadiri, Jinnat Ka Baadshah (The King of Jinns and Other Marvels of Ghous-e-Azam), Maktabat ul Madeenah, Shaheed Masjid, Karachi, n.d.
5. Miya ‘Umar Din, Anwar-e-Qadiriyya, (The Lights of the Qadiriyya), Miyan Muhammad Bakhsh Trust, Faisalabad, 1985.
6. Al-‘Allama ‘AbdurRahim Khan Saheb Qadiri, Sirat-e-Ghawth-e-A’zam (The History of the Ghawth al-A’zam), Maktaba Nuriyya, Lahore, 1996.
7. Dr. Zahurul Hasan Sharib, Ghawth ul A’zam Piran-e-Pir (The Greatest Spiritual Helper, The Shaykh of Shaykhs), Asma Publications, Sharib House, Ajmer, 1961 and 1989.
8. Dr. Muhammad Haroon, “The World Importance of Ghaus Al Azam”, in The Islamic Times, Raza Academy, Stockport, England.
Zikr and Du’a
1. Al-Hajj Isma’il ibn Sayyid Muhammad Sa’id al-Qadiri, Fuyudaat u’r Rabbaniyya, A Compendium of Invocations and Supplications of Shaykh ‘Abdul Qadir Jilani, Rady Allahu ‘Anhu, Maktaba Isha’ah al-Islam, Delhi, n.d; translated by Shaykh Muhtar Holland as Emanations of Lordly Grace, Al-Baz Publishing, Ft.Lauderdale, Florida, 2000.
2. Muhammad Salim Bawwab, Al-Awraad u’l Qadiriyya (The Regular Voluntary Invocations of Shaykh ‘Abdul Qadir Jilani), Dar al-Abwab, Damascus, 1413/1992.
3. Hadrat Mulla ‘Ali al-Qaari, Hizb u’l A’zam (The Exalted Supplication), Taj Company, Karachi, n.d.
4. Shaykh ‘AbdurRahman ibn Shaykh ‘Umar ‘Ali al-Qadiri, Al-Jawhar u’n Nafis (The Most Precious Pearls), Maktaba Isha’ah al-Islam, Delhi, 1383/1964.
5. Shaykh ‘AbdurRahman ibn Ahmad az-Zayla’i, Majmu’a Mushtamila (A Compendium of Writings), al-Maktaba al-Islamiyya, Djibouti, n.d.
6. As-Sayyid Muhammad bin ‘Alawi al-Maliki al-Hasani, Duru’ul Wiqaya bi Ahzabi’l Himaya (Armours of Protection For Security Forces), Dar Wihdaan Lit-taba’a, 1414.
7. Nur u’d Din ibn ash-Shaykh Husayn Mahmud al-Ghasani, ‘Abdul Qadir Fee Iydaah i’t Tasawwuf (Shaykh ‘Abdul Qadir Jilani in Clarifying Tasawwuf), Maktaba Mustafa al-Babi al-Halabi, Cairo, 1972/1392.
8. Al-Hajj Pir Husayn Shah Saheb Qadiri, Khatam Sharif Sarwari Ghawthi Qadiri (The Completion of the Noble Zikr Among The Sarwari Qadiriyya), Shawqat Book Depot, Karachi, n.d.
9. Qari Ridaa al-Mustafa A’zami, Majmu’a Wazaaif (A Compendium of Invocations), Dar u’l ‘Ulum Amjadiya, Maktaba Ridwiyya, Karachi, 1397/1978.
10. Iqbal Ahmad Nuri and Anis Ahmad Nuri, Qadiri Ridwi Majmu’a Wazaaif (A Compendium of Invocations of the Qadiriyya), Maktaba Nuriyya Ridwiyya, Sikhkhir, 1994.
11. Women Islamic Mission, Majmu’a Wazaaif (A Compendium of Invocations), Khawatin Islami Mission, Karachi, n.d.
1. Imam Muhammad ibn Sulayman al-Jazuli, Dalaail u’l Khayraat (Proofs of Good Deeds), Maktaba Isha’ah al-Islam, Delhi, n.d.
2. As-Salawaat wa’l Mada’ih Fee Hubbi’r Rasul (Blessings and Eulogies for the Love of the Holy Prophet Muhammad, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him), Iqra Islamic Publications, Toronto, 1418/1997.
Diwan (Collected Religious Poems)
1. Imam ‘Abdallah ibn ‘Alawi al-Haddad, Ad-Durru’l Manzum li Dhawi’l ‘Uqul wa’l Fuhum (Poetic Pearls For Discerning and Understanding Minds), unpublished, 1405.
2. Shaykh ‘AbdurRahman bin Shaykh ‘Abdallah, Dalil i’l ‘Ibaad Ilaa Sabil i’r Rashad (Guide For Servants To the Path of Allah), Matba’a al-Kaylani, Somalia, n.d.
3. Diwan (Collected Religious Poems in Tariqatu’l Qadiriyya), Mombasa, Kenya, n.d, unpublished, anonymous.
4. Sultan u’l ‘Arifin Sultan Bahu, Champay Dhee Bootee (The Jasmine Plant), Malik Ghulam Nabi and Sons, Lahore, n.d.
5.Imam Ahmad Raza Khan, Hadaaiqi Bakhshish (The Gardens of Gifts), Chishti Kutub Khana, Faisalabad, n.d.
6. Sayyid Muhammad Isma’il Shirazi, Gulzare Tayyiba (The Pleasant Garden), Shirazi Book Depot, Jamnagar, 1979.
Other Scholarly Works
1. Professor Sayyid Muhammad Naquib al-‘Attas, Some Aspects of Sufism As Understood and Practiced Among The Malays, Malaysian Sociological Research Institute, Singapore, 1963.
2. Maqbool Elahi, The Abyat of Sultan Bahu, Lahore, 1976.
1. “Salawaat of Gawth u’l A’zam Muhyiddin
Shaykh ‘Abdul Qadir Jilani, Rady Allahu ‘Anhu”,
Iqra Islamic Publications,
2.“Asma Allah u’l Husan in Verse by Shaykh ‘Abdul
Qadir Jilani, Rady Allahu ‘Anhu”,
Iqra Islamic Publications,
3.“About Shaikh ‘Abd al-Qaadir Al-Jilani”,
Shaikh ‘Abd al-Qadir Al-Jilani Home Page,
4.Jila al-Khatir (Purification of the Mind), by Shaikh ‘Abd
Al-Qadir Al-Gaylani, translated by Professor Shetha Al-Dargazelli and Louay
Fatoohi, published by A.S. Noordeen, Kuala Lumpur, 1999,
Al-Tareqa Al-Aleya Al-Qadiriya Al-Kasnazaneya
5.Poem on Shaykh ‘Abdul Qadir Jilani in Turkish,
Tarikat-i Aliyye-i Rifaiyye, Tarikat-i Aliyye-i Kadiriyye, Tarikat-i Aliyye-i Arusiyye