THE BLESSED NAMES OF SAYYIDATINA FATIMA AZ-ZAHRA?
RadiAllahu Anha

THE BELOVED DAUGHTER OF PROPHET MUHAMMAD
Sallallāhu?alayhi wa Sallam

Name

Meaning

1. Sayyidah kulli nisā i’l Jannah  

The leader of all the women in Paradise

2. Fātima 

Sayyidatinā Fātima, Rady Allāhu ‘Anhā

3. Az-Zahrā’ 

The Brilliantly Shiny

4. Batūl  

Ascetic Virgin

5. Sayyidah  

Leader

6. Mastūrah 

Chaste, Veiled

7. Ma’sūmah 

 Sinless

8. Marhūmah

Enveloped in Allāh’s Mercy

9. Rāki’ah 

One who bows to Allāh in worship

10. Sājidah

One who prostrates to Allāh in worship

11. Sāimah 

One who fasts

12. Sāniyah  

Chaste, Virtuous

13. Dāmiyah

Beautiful

14. Mukhaddarah 

One who chooses seclusion

15. Zāhidah 

Pious Abstainer

16. ‘Ābidah 

Worshipper of Allāh

17. Waliyyah

 Saint

18. Wafiyya

Faithful

19. Baqiyyah

The only remaining child of Prophet Muhammad, may the peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him

20. Adfiyya

Warm-hearted

21. Taqiyya

Devout, God-fearing

22. Zākiyya

Pure

23. Rādiyyah

Well Pleased with Allāh as her Lord

24. Mardiyyah

Pleasing to Allāh as His worshipper

25. Hulliyyah

Adorned, Beautified

26. ‘Aliyya

Most High

27. Safiyyah  

The Chosen

28. Salīmah

Safe, Sound

29. Halīma

Gentle, Forbearing

30. Raqiyyah

One who has ascended the heights

31. Hakīma

So Wise!

32. Hasībah

Of noble birth

33. Nasībah

Of noble lineage

34. Jamīlah

Beautiful

35. Jalīlah 

Sublime, Majestic

36. Habībah 

Beloved by all

37. Hasaniyyah

Naturally Good

38. Mushfiqah 

 Compassionate, Kindly

39. Sālihah

Most Pious, Righteous

40. Salīhah

Naturally Pious

41. Sabīhah

Pretty, Graceful

42. Musabbihah 

One who glorifies Allāh

43. Majdidah

One who glorifies Allāh

44. Muhammadah

One who is praised

45. Muhassilah

The Obtainer of the best results

46. Mukabbirah

One who proclaims Allāh’s Greatness

47. Qāriyah

Reciter of the Holy Qur’ān

48. Mumajjidah

Glorifier of Allāh

49. Jāriya

Servant of Allāh

50. Fadīlah

Personification of Virtue

51. Wasīlah

A means to approach Allāh

52. Nasībah

So Fortunate!

53. Najībah

Noble, Distinguished, Outstanding

54. Sharīfah

Noble

55. Karīmah 

Generous

56. Mukarramah

Honoured

57. ‘Ālimah

Most Truly Learned

58. Fātiha

The Opener (of doors of goodness)

59. Muhtaramah

Revered, Esteemed, Respected

60. Mu’ammah

Universally Popular

61. Mu’allamah

Taught by the Beloved Holy Prophet Muhammad,may the peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him

62. Dā’iyah

Inviter to Islām

63. Shāfi’ah

 Intercessor before Allāh

64. Shafī’ah

Accepted Intercessor before Allāh

65. Ummiyyah

Exemplary Mother

66. Tahiyyah 

Greeting with good cheer

67. Nāsihah 

True Advisor

68. Rājihah

Most Favourable

69. Wahiyya

Inspiration

70. Shahiyyah

Pleasant

71. Jāhida

Exerts in the way of Allāh

72. Mujtahidah

Strives in the way of Allāh

73. Rāqiyah

Of the Highest Rank and Grade

74. Nāsiyah

The cornerstone of the Muslim Nation

75. Awsiyah

Best Advisor

76. Khāwirah

Affectionate, Kindly

77, Khādira

Makes things ever so green

78. Wāqiyah

Protection

79. Dāfiyah

Mingles with the poor and the oppressed

80. Sāhibah

Companion of the Holy Prophet Muhammad, may the peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him

81. Hāwirah

Highly intelligent, promotes dialogue

82. Wājidah

Finder, one who found her father persecuted and helped him

83. ‘Āqibah

Successor who continues with the good work of her father

84. Sāmiyah

Truthfully brave

85. Nūr

Light

86. Bint Nūr 

The daughter of one who was Light, that is the Beloved Holy Prophet Muhammad, may the peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him

87. Biatu Rasūlinā Muhammad al-Mustafā Sallallāhu ‘alayhi wa Sallam

An integral part of our Chosen Prophet Muhammad, may the peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him

Source: These blessed attributive names of Khayr u?n Nisā? Sayyidatinā Fātima Az-Zahrā?, Rady Allāhu ?Anhā have been presented as a mosaic together with a salāt and salām (invocation of blessing and peace) on Sayyidinā wa Nabiyyinā wa Habībinā Muhammad al-Mustafā Sallallāhu ?alayhi wa Sallam, by Khwāja Shaykh ?Abdur Rahmān Chohravi, in Majmū?ah Salawāt u?r Rasūl (A Compendium of Blessings on Prophet Muhammad, Sallallāhu ?alayhi wa Sallam), published by Anjuman-e-Rahmāniyya, Chittagong, Bangladesh, 1982, Juz 30, p. 12.

Appreciation: Muslims love Sayyidatinā Fātima az-Zahrā?, Rady Allāhu ?Anhā so much that many other attributive names of hers can be found in various other kutub (books) and in qasāid (religious poems).

Acknowledgements: I am grateful to Shaykh ?Umar ?Īsā and Shaykh Mahdi ?Alī for help with the translation of some difficult words.

Du?ā: O Allah! Fill our hearts with the love of Prophet Muhammad Sallallāhu ?alayhi wa Sallam, and with the love of his Family and his Companions, Rady Allāhu ?Anhum.

As-Salātu wa?s-Salām

As-Salātu wa?s-Salāmu ?alayka Yā RasūlAllāh
As-Salātu wa?s-Salāmu ?alayka Yā HabībAllāh
As-Salātu wa?s-Salāmu ?alayka Yā Nūran min Nūrillāh

 

 

References:

1. ?The Beautiful Life of Fātima az-Zahrā?, Rady Allāhu ?Anhā?
by: Mustafā Alatas, Jakarta, 1997.
Az-Zahra Page

2. The Family of Prophet Muhammad under his mantle

3. The Family of Prophet Muhammad, Sallallāhu ?alayhi wa Sallam
by: Syed Yāsîn ?Alī

4. The Four Greatest Women

5. Key to the Arabic Transliteration

Siddīq Osmān Noormuhammad
Ramadān 1423/November 2002
Toronto, Canada

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

THE COMPANIONS OF OUR BELOVED
PROPHET MUHAMMAD

(Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam)

By Hamid Syed

The Companions of Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) are known as sahabas. Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) said the sahabas are like stars. Anybody who follows them will get guidance. The main companions of our beloved Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) were Sayyidina Abu Bakr Siddiq (Rady Allahu Anhu.), Sayyidina Umar (Rady Allahu Anhu), Sayyidina Uthman (Rady Allahu Anhu) and Sayyidina Ali (Rady Allahu Anhu). They became his Khalifas.

Sayyidina Abu Bakr Siddiq (Rady Allahu Anhu) was the Prophet's favourite companion.. He was the closest companion of Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam). He was the very first Khalifa. He received the title "Siddiq" meaning truthful. He was the first person to accept Islam. He had a daughter called Aisha (Rady Allahu Anha), who married the Prophet. Hadrat Abu Bakr Siddiq (Rady Allahu Anhu) is laid to rest beside Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) in Madina. He fought in many battles with Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) against those who persecuted them.

Sayyidina Abu Bakr Siddiq (Rady Allahu Anhu.) did many good deeds. One night when the stars were up in the sky. Bibi Aisha asked Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) who has done more good deeds than all the stars above? Then Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) said that Hadrat Abu Bakr Siddiq (Rady Allahu Anhu) has done more good deeds than all those stars above.

Sayyidina Umar (Rady Allahu Anhu) was the second Khalifa after Hadrat Abu Bakr Siddiq (Rady Allahu Anhu) passed away. He was Khalifa for 10 years. During his time as a Khalifa, Islam spread far and wide. Some people say that if he were Khalifa for another 10 years Islam would have spread all around the world. Hadrat Umar's daughter Hafsa (Rady Allahu Anha) was Prophet Muhammad's wife. Shaitaan was so scared of Hadrat Umar (Rady Allahu Anhu) that there is a Hadith where the Prophet said, "If Hadrat Umar (Rady Allahu Anhu) is walking on a street and Shaitaan approaches him, Shaitaan will run away and take another street". He was very brave. Sayyidina Umar (Rady Allahu Anhu) received the title "Farooq" which means the one who distinguishes truth from falsehood. He took part in all the battles with the Prophet including the battle of Badr.

At first, he was not a Muslim. When the Prophet was spreading Islam to the people he was not happy and decided to kill the Prophet. One day Hadrat Umar (Rady Allahu Anhu) took his sword and went to kill the Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam). On his way a man told him that his sister and her husband had become Muslims. When Hadrat Umar (Rady Allahu Anhu) heard this, he got really angry and started going to his sister's house. Then when he went to his sister's house he heard the surah Taha being recited. So he hit his sister who started bleeding and he felt sorry for her and told her to continue reading. When he heard the recitation of the Qur'an he was convinced it was a revelation from Allah. Then he went to Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) and became a Muslim .He was the fortieth person to become a Muslim. Hadrat Umar (Rady Allahu Anhu) is buried besides the Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) in Madina.

Sayyidina Uthman (Rady Allahu Anhu) was the third Khalifa after Hadrat Umar (Rady Allahu Anhu). He was Khalifa for 12 years. He was the ambassador of Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam). He received the title "Ghani" meaning rich. He was given that title because he gave a lot of his wealth for Islam. He brought camels loaded with goods for the war effort. He took part in many battles with the Prophet including the battle of Badr. He was also given the title Dhun Nurain meaning possessor of two lights because he married two daughters of the beloved Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam), one after another, that is, Bibi Ruqayyah (Rady Allahu Anha) and after she passed away ,Umm Kulthum (Rady Allahu Anha). He is one of the Asharatul Mubashara meaning one of the ten who were promised Paradise by the Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam). He belonged to the tribe of Quraish. He did hijrah two times, first to Abyssinia, then to Madina.

The Qur'an was compiled on the instructions of Hadrat Uthman (Rady Allahu Anhu) by the companions of Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam.), just as it was recited in the time of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam). After the Qur'an was compiled together Hadrat Uthman (Rady Allahu Anhu) made many copies of the Qur'an and distributed it to major cities. Therefore he is known as " Jami ul Qur'an".

One day when Hadrat Uthman (Rady Allahu Anhu) was reciting the Qur'an in his house, traitors came from behind and killed him. His blood is on the page of the Qur'an he was reciting. He was a shaheed. He died at the age of 81. He is buried in Jannat ul Baqi.

Sayyidina Ali received the title Asadullah meaning Lion of Allah. Hadrat Ali was the cousin of Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam). Hadrat Ali was born in the Ka'ba. His father was Abu Talib. He is one of the Asharatul Mubashara. When he first opened his eyes he saw Prophet Muhammad. He was raised up by Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam). He slept in the bed of Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) when the Prophet went on hijra. He is called the gate of knowledge. He was a Hafiz ul Qur'an. He is one of the first people to accept Islam. He was also the first youth to accept Islam. Hadrat Ali married Bibi Fatima. He had two children, Sayyidina Imam Hasan and Sayyidina Imam Husain. He fought in many battles with Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) including the battle of Badr. He killed the best warrior of the enemies in a man to man combat. He took part in man to man battles.

Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) loved Hadrat Ali because he was a very charitable person. Once when Imam Hasan (Rady Allahu Anhu) and Imam Husain (Rady Allahu Anhu) were ill, Hadrat Ali and Bibi Fatima made a vow that, after their two sons recover, they will fast for three days. Allah Ta'ala then blessed their children with good health. So now Hadrat Ali and Bibi Fatima had to fast. When their fast was completed and Hadrat Ali (Rady Allahu Anhu) came back from the Masjid after performing Magrib Salat, the family sat down for dinner. As soon as Hadrat Ali Rady Allahu Anhu picked up the bread in his hand he heard a voice of a beggar saying "Give me some thing to eat and may Allah Ta'laa feed you with delicious food of Jannah!" When they heard the beggar they decided that they should give him the bread.

On the second fast, when Hadrat Ali (Rady Allahu Anhu) came back from the Masjid after praying the Magrib salah, the family sat down for dinner, when they heard a voice of an orphan from outside who asked for food and said that he was very poor and alone in the world. So again they gave him the bread and broke their fast with water.

On their last fast, when Hadrat Ali came back from the Masjid after performing Magrib Salah the family sat down for dinner, they heard a voice of a prisoner, who asked for help and said that he was in great distress. So they gave him the bread and again they went to bed without any food.

On the fourth day no one was fasting, but they had nothing to eat. So Hadrat Ali (Rady Allahu Anhu) then took Imam Hasan (Rady Allahu Anhu) and Imam Husain (Rady Allahu Anhu) to Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam). Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) said, "It pains me to see you suffering from want and misery. Let us go to Fatima (Rady Allahu Anha)". When Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) went to Bibi Fatima (Rady Allahu Anha) and saw that she was observing Nafl salaat. Her eyes had sunk in, and her stomach had drawn close to her back, from excessive starvation. Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) took her to his bosom and invoked Allah's mercy for her and her family.

At this, Jibreel (Alayhissalam) came with revelation of the verses of the Qur'an. The meaning of the verse of the Qur'an is

"And they give food out of love for Him to the poor and the orphan and the captive." (76:8)

Jibreel (Alayhissalam) then congratulated them saying Allah Ta`ala was very pleased with them. And that's how much charitable Sayyidina Ali (Rady Allahu Anhu) and Bibi Fatima (Rady Allahu Anha) were.

Hadrat Bilal (Rady Allahu Anhu) was a Sahabi who loved Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam). He was the first muezzin in Islam. He had the most beautiful voice. He always read two rakah after he made wudu. This is called "Sunnah tul Wudu" When he was a slave, he was beaten up, dragged in the burning sand and had heavy stones put on his chest to force him to say that he is not a Muslim but he always said,"Ahad, Ahad," meaning, 'one, one' (Allah is one). He loved Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) so much that after the Prophet passed away, he was so sad that he didn't feel like giving the Adhan in Madina. Then after a long time he agreed to give the Adhan. But when he got to "Ash'hadu-anna Muhammadar-Rasullullah", he started to mourn. Hadrat Bilal (Rady Allahu Anhu) set an example for all Muslims to never give up Islam. He is buried is Damascus, Syria.

Another famous companion of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) was Hadrat Abu Hurairah who narrated the most ahadith from all the companions.

Our beloved Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) had thousands of companions.

When he performed his farewell pilgrimage, he had 124, 000 of his companions with him. May Allah Ta`ala make us follow in the footsteps of our beloved Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) and of his blessed companions, Rady Allahu Anhum.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

THE FAMILY OF PROPHET MUHAMMAD
Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam

By Syed Yasin Ali


The family of our beloved Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) is known as the Ahl al-Bait. The members of the Ahl al-Bait are Bibi Fatima, Hadrat Ali, Imam Hasan and Imam Husain (peace be upon them). Allah Ta`ala says about the Ahl al-Bait in the Holy Qur'an,

"Allah only desires to remove abomination from you, members of the family, and purify you." (33:33)

There is a hadith where the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) embraces Hadrat Ali, Bibi Fatima, Imam Hasan and Husain and says, "This is my family". While he was hugging his family, Hadrat Jibreel (Alayhissalam) was looking and wished to be a part of the Prophet's family. Thereupon, the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) embraced Hadrat Jibreel and told him that he was also a part of his family.

The following are some of the other hadith about the Ahl al-Bait:

Zaid bin Arqam (may Allah be pleased with him) reported Allah's Messenger (may Allah's blessings and peace be upon him) as saying, "I am leaving among you something of such a nature that if you lay hold of it you will not go astray after I am gone, one part of it being more important than the other: Allah's Book, a rope stretched from heaven to earth, and my close relatives who belong to my household. These two will not separate from one another till they come down to the Pond, so consider how you would act regarding them after my departure." (Tirmidhi)

Abu Dharr (may Allah be pleased with him) while holding the door of the Ka'ba, said that he had heard the Prophet (may Allah's blessings and peace be upon him) say, "My family among you are like Noah's ark. He who sails on it will be safe, but he who holds back from it will perish." (Ahmad)

Zaid bin Arqam (may Allah be pleased with him) said that Allah's Messenger (may Allah's blessings and peace be upon him) said of Sayyidina Ali , Sayyidah Fatima , Sayyidina Hasan and Sayyidina al-Husain."I am war to him who makes war on them and peace to him whom makes peace with them." (Tirmidhi)

Hadrat Ali

Hadrat Ali (Rady Allahu Anhu) was the fourth Khalifah after Hadrat Uthman. He was the cousin and son-in-law of the Holy Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam). He accepted Islam at the age of 8. His birth took place inside the Ka'ba and the first thing he saw when he opened his eyes, was the beautiful face of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam). Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) has said that he is the city of knowledge and Hadrat Ali is the gate of knowledge.

Hadrat Ali and Bibi Fatima (Rady Allahu Anha's) sons were Iman Hasan and Imam Husain. Hadrat Ali was very brave and he was ready to sacrifice his life for the sake of Allah Ta`ala. Therefore he received the title of 'Asadullah' meaning 'The Lion of Allah."
Hadrat Ali helped the Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) by sleeping in his bed when the Kafirs were after the Holy Prophet.

Hadrat Ali was a Hafiz al-Qur'an. He was very pious. Hadrat Ali took part in many battles. He was praying in a mosque when a member of the Kharjite sect killed him. The man put poison on the sword before stabbing Hadrat Ali. The sword was taken out while Hadrat Ali was praying salah. He was buried in Najaf, Iraq.

Bibi Fatima (Rady Allahu Anha)

The Holy Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) has said: "Fatima is the leader of the women in Paradise."
(Sahih Bukhari)

Sayyidatina Fatima (Rady Allahu Anha) was the youngest daughter of the Holy Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam). She was a pious and a charitable lady. She was the wife of Hadrat Ali (Rady Allahu Anhu). She is known as Fatima az-Zahra. She was so pious that the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) used to stand up and greet her.

Bibi Fatima (Rady Allahu Anha) was the first person to pass away after the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam). One day, the Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) whispered something into Bibi Fatima's ear upon which she started crying. Later he whispered something else, upon which Bibi Fatima turned happy. When the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) passed away, Bibi Aisha asked her about the secret that the Holy Prophet had whispered into her ear. Bibi Fatima said that the Holy Prophet had told her that he will soon pass away upon which she started crying. Later, he told her that she was going to join him soon, upon which she turned happy. Bibi Fatima passed away in Madinah. She was buried in Jannat ul-Baqi.

Imam Hasan and Imam Husain

The Holy Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) has said that Imam Hasan and Husain are my two basils in this world (Sahih Bukhari). He used to carry Imam Hasan on his shoulder and he prayed to Allah, "I love him, so please love him." Sayyidina Abu Bakr Siddiq Rady Allahu Anhu used to say that Imam Hasan resembled very closely to the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam).

The Holy Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) knew that his grandsons were going to become martyrs. One day, Hadrat Jibreel (Alayhissalam) brought two dresses from Jannah for the Prophet's grandsons. Imam Hasan chose the green dress and Imam Husain chose the red one. The green colour stood for poison while the red colour was for blood.

Imam Husain has been given the title of "Sayyid ash-Shuhada" meaning the Leader of Martyrs for the courage he displayed against Yazid's army in the battle of Karbala.

The Ahl al-Bait were very generous and charitable. There was an incident where Imam Hasan and Imam Husain fell seriously ill. Hadrat Ali and Bibi Fatima vowed that they would fast for three days after the recovery of their sons. Soon, Imam Hasan and Husain recovered and the family started observing fasts. When the first day's fast was completed and they were about to break their fast, a beggar reached their house and asked them for some food. They gave away all the food they had to the beggar. When the time came for the second day's fast to be broken, an orphan begged them for food and they gave away all the food. When the time came for the third day's fast to be broken, a prisoner came to them and asked them for food and they gave away everything.

The fourth day they were not fasting but they had nothing to eat. Hadrat Ali took Imam Hasan and Imam Husain, who had become weak and were starving to see the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam). After looking at his grandsons, the Holy Prophet then visited Bibi Fatima (Rady Allahu Anha). Her eyes were sunk and she had become weak as a result of starvation. The Holy Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) took her and invoked Allah's mercy on her.

Then, Jibreel Alayhissalam came with this verse of the Holy Qur'an:

"And they give food out of love for Him, to the poor and the orphan and the captive". (Surah Ad-Dahr: Verse 8).

Jibreel Alayhissalam said that Allah Ta'ala was pleased with them.

It is the duty of Muslims to love and respect the Family of Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) because the Holy Prophet has said in a hadith, "When I am loved, then my family members, whom I love should also be loved." (Tirmidhi)

References
1). Sahih Al-Bukhari - Volume 5
2). Learning About Islam through teamwork in Madrasa tul Hidaya - Volume 3