TITIK TEMU ISLAM DAN KRISTEN
Persepsi dan Salah Persepsi

oleh William Montgomery Watt


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Bab 8

[1] Orientalism, h. 241. Lihat catatan 17 bab 6.

[2] Lewis, Emergence, h. 48,58,82, 122-125. Catatan 5 bab 7.

[3] Akbar S. Ahmed, Discovering Islam, London, Routledge, 1988. W.C. Smith, Modern Islam in India, edisi 2 London, Gollancz, 1947.

[4] The Spirit of Islam, edisi 3, London, Christophers, 1922. Edisi pertama berjudul A Critical Examination of the Life and Teaching of Mohammed, London, 1873.

[5] Lihat "Mission-Christian" (Stephen Neill), Encyclopedia of Religion, catatan 2 bab 1. Dalam "Roots of Muslim- Christian conflict" M. Ayoub menjelaskan serangan para penulis muslim terhadap misi Kristen, Muslim World, lxxix, 1989, h. 25-45. Lihat pula laporan Isma'il Faruqi dalam Islamochristiana, ii, 1976, h. 147.

[6] W. Muir, The Mohammedan Controversy, etc., Edinburgh, Clark, 1897, terutama h. 40-42, 86-89.

[7] Terjemahan R.H. Weakley, London, CMS, 1867, dipublikasi dalam bahasa Persia pada 1835 dan bahasa Urdu pada 1843.

[8] Constance E. Padwick, Temple Gairdner of Cairo, London, SPCK, 1929.

[9] Abdallah Laroui, The Crisis of the Arab Intellectual: Traditionalism or Historicism?, terj. Diarmid Cammell, Berkeley, University of California Press, 1976, h. 44.

[10] Ibid, h. 80.

[11] Lihat catatan 36 bab 3.

[12] Lihat catatan 17 bab 6.

[13] Ibid., h. 37-39.

[14] Ibid., h. 300.

[15] Dikutip dari John Hick and Brian Hebbletwaite (ed.), Christianity and other Religions: Selected Readings, London, Collins, 1980, h. 98.

[16] Orientalism, h. 280. lihat catatan 17 bab 6.

[17] Leila Ahmed, Edward W. Lane, London, Longman, 1978, h. 38 dan seterusnya.

[18] Orientalism, h. 280. Lihat catatan 17 bab 6.

[19] George Makdisi, The Rise of Colleges, Edinburgh, Edinburgh University Press, 1981, terutama h. 21 -32,153-159.

[20] Orientalism, h. 272. Lihat catatan 17 bab 6.

[21] Gustav Pfannmuller, Hanbuch der Islam-Literatur, Berlin, de Gruyter,1923, h. 60, 63. Daniel, Islam and the West, h.295, lihat catatan 9 bab 6. G. Endress, An Introduction to Islam, terjemahan Carole Hillenbrand, Edinburgh, Edinburgh University Press, 1988, h. 11. Survey kritis orientalisme yang relevan dengan poin-poin yang dibicarakan di sini adalah Maxime Rodinson "The western image and western studies of Islam" dalam J. Schacht and C.E. Bosworth (ed.), The Legacy of Islam, edisi 2, Oxford, Clarendon Press, 1974, h. 9-62.

[22] Beberapa edisi dan masih dalam cetak. Edisi revisi oleh E.M. Wherry, Boston, Houghton Mifflin, 1882, paling baik dijauhkan karena sikapnya terhadap Islam berbahaya dalam catatan-catatan tambahan.

[23] London, Smith Elder, 1894. Tentang artikel-artikel terdahulu, lihat catatan 6 bab 8.

[24] Op.cit., h. 500 dan seterusnya.

[25] Mohammed Arkoun, Ouvertures sur l'Islam, Paris, Grancher, 1989, h. 120.

[26] Lihat Watt, Muhammad's Mecca, h. 51-53 dengan rujukan-rujukan lebih lanjut lihat catatan 7 bab 2.

[27] Muhammedanische Studien, vol.2, Halle, 1890, terjemah S.M. Stern and C.R. Butler, London, Allen & Unwin, 1971.

[28] Oxford, Clarendon Press, 1950.

[29] Sezgin, op.cit., i, h. 53-84, catatan 18 bab 3.

[30] Emad Eldin Shahir, "Muhammad Rashid Rida's Perspectives on the West as reflected in Al-Manar", Muslim World, lxxix, 1989, h. 116.

[31] Contoh-contoh diambil dari pamflet oleh Syed Athar Husain, The Quran and the Orientalists, Lucknow, 1982.

[32] Laura and Lonsdale Ragg, The Gospel of Barnabas, Oxford, Clarendon Press, 1907.

[33] Luigi Cirillo and Michel Fremaux, Evangile de Barnabe, Paris, Beauchesnee, 1977, h. 598 dan seterusnya.

[34] Jan Slomp, "The Gospel in dispute", Islamochristiana, iv, 1978, h. 67-112.

[35] John Hick (ed.), London, SCM, 1977. Lihat Incarnation and Myth: Debate Continued, Michael Goulder (ed), London, SCM, 1979.

[36] Jeddah, 1978.

[37] Op.cit., h. 47.

[38] Ouvertturessuur l'Islam, h. 120, catatan 25 bab 8.

[39] Islamic Fundamentalism and Modernity, h.1 -23. Lihat catatan 26 bab3.

[40] Romans 13: 1.

[41] Catatan 3 bab 7.

[42] Ibid, h. 78.

[43] Ibid, h. 77.

[44] Ibid, h. 82.

[45] Islamochristiana, xiii, 1987, h. 133, 141-154.

[46] Ibid, vii, 1981, h. 283-288.

[47] Ibid, xii, 1986, h. 135-161, terutama h. 161.

[48] Ibid, v, 1979, h. 1-5; viii, 1982, h. 1-7.

[49] Ibid, v,1979, h.126, oleh Christian Troll "Christian- Muslim Relations in India: a Critical Survey", h. 119-145. Kenneth Cragg, Counseels in Contemporary Islam, Edinburgh, Edinburgh University Press,1965, h.108; City of Wrong: a Friday in Jerusalem, London, Bles, 1959.

[50] Islamochristiana, vi, 1980, h. 101; xiv, 1988, h. 17-49.

[51] The Hague, Mouton, 1980.

[52] Muslim World, lxvi, 1976, h.163-188; lxx,1988,h. 91-121.

[53] "Muslim Views on Christianity: some modern examples", Islamochristiana, x, 1984, h. 49-70; "A Muslim appreciation of Christian holiness", ibd, xii, 1985, h.91-98; "Roots of Muslim-Christian conflict", catatan 5 bab 8.

[54] Edinburgh, Edinburgh University Press, 1981.

[55] London, SCM, 1989. Knowledge and the Sacred, Edinburgh, Edinburgh University Press, 1982, h. 110.

 

TITIK TEMU ISLAM DAN KRISTEN Persepsi dan Salah Persepsi   William Montgomery Watt Penerjemah: Zaimudin   Hak Terjemahan pada Penerbit Gaya Media Pratama Jakarta Desain Sampul: Salimi Akhmad Diterbitkan Oleh: Penerbit Gaya Media Pratama Jakarta Dicetak Oleh: Percetakan Radar Jaya Jakarta Anggota IKAPI Cetakan 1, 1996   ISBN 979-578-007 7 Harga Rp. 9.500,-


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